Now showing items 11-20 of 96
Pyridoxal-5-phosphate plasma concentrations in children receiving tuberculosis chemotherapy including isoniazid
Aim: Little is known about pyridoxine nutriture of children treated with isoniazid (INH) regimens. This study documents plasma pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) concentrations in children, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected, ...
Prioritising prevention strategies for patients in antiretroviral treatment programmes in resource-limited settings
Expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) offers opportunities to strengthen HIV prevention in resource-limited settings. We invited 27 ART programmes from urban settings in Africa, Asia and South America to participate ...
Temporal changes in programme outcomes among adult patients initiating antiretroviral therapy across South Africa, 2002-2007
Objective: Little is known about the temporal impact of the rapid scale-up of large antiretroviral therapy (ART) services on programme outcomes. We describe patient outcomes [mortality, loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) and retention] ...
Radiological changes post-lymph node enucleation for airway obstruction in children with pulmonary tuberculosis
Background: Tuberculous lymphadenopathy causing airway obstruction in children may be life threatening and may require surgical enucleation of the lymph glands. There are no studies investigating the radiological picture ...
An intrapericardial hernia
[No abstract available]
Cytomorphological patterns of M. bovis BCG and M. tuberculosis on fine needle aspiration biopsies: Does HIV make a difference?
To determine if fine needle aspiration (FNAB) of mycobacterial lymphadenopathy can differentiate infection with M. bovis BCG (BCG) from M. tuberculosis (TB) and whether HIV status affects discriminatory cytological features. ...
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Tuberculosis in women and children
[No abstract available]
Psychological distress among persons living with HIV, hypertension, and diabetes
It has been assumed that receipt of a diagnosis of HIV is a uniquely distressing event, more so than with any other illness. The present study compared the mean scores on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, a measure of emotional ...