Now showing items 11-20 of 36
Rapid on-site evaluation of transbronchial aspirates: Randomised comparison of two methods
The value of different staining methods for rapid analysis of transbronchial needle aspirates during bronchoscopy has not been explored. In the present study, we compared a Papanicolaou-based rapid stain, prepared by a ...
Rare case of perplexing ovarian endometriosis
Objective: To document a rare case of coexisting endometriosis and mature cystic teratoma in the same ovary. Design: Case report. Setting: Gynecology unit in a tertiary training and teaching hospital in Cape Town, South ...
Comprehensive analysis of the cytokine-rich chromosome 5q31.1 region suggests a role for IL-4 gene variants in prostate cancer risk
Although inflammation is emerging as a candidate prostate cancer risk factor, the T-helper cytokine-rich [interleukins (IL)-5, 13 and 4] chromosomal region at 5q31.1 has been implicated in prostate cancer pathogenesis. In ...
A Six Sigma approach to the rate and clinical effect of registration errors in a laboratory
Background: Laboratory errors made during the preanalytical phase can have an impact on clinical care. Quality management tools such as Six Sigma may help improve error rates. Aim: To use elements of a Six Sigma model to ...
Tuberculous meningitis-related optic neuritis: Recovery of vision with thalidomide in 4 consecutive cases
Blindness is an uncommon but devastating complication of tuberculosis meningitis. The main causes are chronically raised intracranial pressure (hydrocephalus and/or tuberculomas) or direct involvement of the optic chiasm ...
Evaluation of paradoxical TB-associated IRIS with the use of standardized case definitions for resource-limited settings
Objective: Standardized case definitions have recently been proposed by the International Network for the Study of HIV-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (INSHI; [IRIS]) for use in resource-limited ...
Symptoms of depression and anxiety among a sample of South African patients living with HIV
Little systematic research has been conducted on the extent of psychiatric disorders among South African patients in general, and among patients living with HIV in particular. The present study reports on a survey conducted ...
Inhibitors and facilitators of willingness to participate (WTP) in an HIV vaccine trial: Construction and initial validation of the Inhibitors and Facilitators of Willingness to Participate Scale (WPS) among women at risk for HIV infection
A psychometric scale assessing inhibitors and facilitators of willingness to participate (WTP) in an HIV vaccine trial has not yet been developed. This study aimed to construct and derive the exploratory factor structure ...
Positive futures: A qualitative study on the needs of adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
With the increasing availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy, vertically infected children have a better chance of surviving into adolescence and adulthood. Additionally, sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency ...
A patient with leonine facies and occult lung disease
[No abstract available]