Now showing items 11-20 of 161
Early mortality and loss to follow-up in HIV-infected children starting antiretroviral therapy in Southern Africa
Background: Many HIV-infected children in Southern Africa have been started on antiretroviral therapy (ART), but loss to follow up (LTFU) can be substantial. We analyzed mortality in children retained in care and in all ...
Virologic failure and second-line antiretroviral therapy in children in South Africa-the IeDEA Southern Africa collaboration
Background: With expanding pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, children will begin to experience treatment failure and require second-line therapy. We evaluated the probability and determinants of virologic ...
Pyridoxal-5-phosphate plasma concentrations in children receiving tuberculosis chemotherapy including isoniazid
Aim: Little is known about pyridoxine nutriture of children treated with isoniazid (INH) regimens. This study documents plasma pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) concentrations in children, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected, ...
Prioritising prevention strategies for patients in antiretroviral treatment programmes in resource-limited settings
Expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) offers opportunities to strengthen HIV prevention in resource-limited settings. We invited 27 ART programmes from urban settings in Africa, Asia and South America to participate ...
Temporal changes in programme outcomes among adult patients initiating antiretroviral therapy across South Africa, 2002-2007
Objective: Little is known about the temporal impact of the rapid scale-up of large antiretroviral therapy (ART) services on programme outcomes. We describe patient outcomes [mortality, loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) and retention] ...
Radiological changes post-lymph node enucleation for airway obstruction in children with pulmonary tuberculosis
Background: Tuberculous lymphadenopathy causing airway obstruction in children may be life threatening and may require surgical enucleation of the lymph glands. There are no studies investigating the radiological picture ...
An intrapericardial hernia
[No abstract available]
Stability of red blood cell folate in whole blood and haemolysate.
Folate, a water soluble B vitamin, is necessary for normal cell growth and DNA synthesis. A deficiency leads to megaloblastic anaemia and possible neurological sequelae. Since we receive samples from distant clinics and ...
Cytomorphological patterns of M. bovis BCG and M. tuberculosis on fine needle aspiration biopsies: Does HIV make a difference?
To determine if fine needle aspiration (FNAB) of mycobacterial lymphadenopathy can differentiate infection with M. bovis BCG (BCG) from M. tuberculosis (TB) and whether HIV status affects discriminatory cytological features. ...
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...