Now showing items 11-17 of 17
Effect of HIV infection status and Anti-retroviral treatment on quantitative and qualitative antibody responses to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in infants
Serotype-specific antibody concentration and opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) were evaluated after 3 doses of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Groups included human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive infants with CD4+ ...
Antiretroviral treatment for children with peripartum nevirapine exposure
Background: Single-dose nevirapine is the cornerstone of the regimen for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in resource-limited settings, but nevirapine frequently selects for ...
Consulting private health care providers aggravates treatment delay in urban South African tuberculosis patients
SETTING: An urban primary health care facility in Khayelitsha, South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To determine the difference in total tuberculosis (TB) treatment delay in patients who initially seek care at National TB Control ...
Mental health and HIV sexual risk behavior among patrons of alcohol serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa
Background: Alcohol-serving venues in South Africa provide a location for HIV prevention interventions due to risk factors of patrons in these establishments. Understanding the association between mental health and risk ...
Early antiretroviral treatment reduces risk of bacille Calmette- Guérin immune reconstitution adenitis
SETTING: Two centres in Soweto and Cape Town, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of timing of initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and other factors on the risk of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) related ...
Rise in rifampicin-monoresistant tuberculosis in Western Cape, South Africa
SETTING: Brewelskloof Hospital, Western Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To verify the perceived increase in rifampicin monoresistant tuberculosis (RMR-TB) in the Cape Winelands-Overberg region and to identify potential ...