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Gender differences in metabolic risk factor prevalence in a South African student population

dc.contributor.authorSmith, Carine
dc.contributor.authorEssop, M. Faadiel
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-24T11:30:42Z
dc.date.available2012-01-24T11:30:42Z
dc.date.issued2009-06
dc.identifier.citationSmith, C. & Essop, M. F. 2009. Gender differences in metabolic risk factor prevalence in a South African student population. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20(3), 178-182.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1680-0745 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1995-1892 (print)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/19374
dc.descriptionCITATION: Smith, C. & Essop, M. F. 2009. Gender differences in metabolic risk factor prevalence in a South African student population. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20(3), 178-182.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.cvja.co.za/
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliography
dc.description.abstractWe determined selected risk factors for the metabolic syndrome and assessed the metabolic risk status (using IDF criteria) of third-year physiology students at Stellenbosch University (88 males and 178 females). Outcome measures included anthropometry [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio], blood pressure (BP), resting pulse rate, and fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. In addition, students completed a lifestyle questionnaire. A number of gender-based differences were found, with male students displaying a greater incidence of risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: 6% of males versus 3% of females displayed a cluster of three risk factors. Twenty-five per cent of female students (but only 14% of males) exhibited waist circumferences above the accepted range, which was positively correlated, for males and females, with both systolic and diastolic BP, and in females only, also with total cholesterol levels. Male students on average exercised more than their female counterparts, but also exhibited poorer eating habits. Average blood triglyceride levels for both male and female students exceeded the accepted threshold (1.85 ± 1.62 mmol/l and 2.15 ± 1.79 mmol/l, respectively). We concluded that metabolic risk factors were evident in a much younger population than commonly expected. Moreover, the gender-specific differences observed may impact on future risk assessment and preventative measures adopted.en_ZA
dc.format.extentp. 178-182 : ill.
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherClinics Cardiv Publishingen_ZA
dc.subjectMetabolic syndromeen_ZA
dc.subjectCardiovascular system -- Diseasesen_ZA
dc.subjectExerciseen_ZA
dc.subjectUndergraduate students -- Metabolic risk factorsen_ZA
dc.subjectCardiovascular system -- Diseases -- Risk factors
dc.titleGender differences in metabolic risk factor prevalence in a South African student populationen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderCardiovascular Journal of Africa holds the copyrighten_ZA


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