High-dose immunoglobulin therapy in four patients with onyalai
Onyalai, a form of immune thrombocytopenia in Africa, has a recorded death rate of 9.8% in the acute phase due to haemorrhagic shock or central nervous system bleeding. Four patients with active bleeding and a mean platelet count of 6 x 109/litre were each treated with 0.67 g/kg intravenous globulin (Sandoglobulin®) daily on 3 successive days. Clinical bleeding ceased within 3 d and all patients responded with a rise in the platelet count, which peaked at 19-21 d. No side effect was recorded. Intravenous globulin therapy may reduce the morbidity of the acute phase of onyalai.