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Poverty and human immunodeficiency virus in children: A view from the Western Cape, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorMarais B.J.
dc.contributor.authorEsser M.
dc.contributor.authorGodwin S.
dc.contributor.authorRabie H.
dc.contributor.authorCotton M.F.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T16:15:31Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T16:15:31Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.citationAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
dc.identifier.citation1136
dc.identifier.issn00778923
dc.identifier.other10.1196/annals.1425.012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/13371
dc.description.abstractSub-Saharan Africa is the region affected worst by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with the most southern countries, including Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and South Africa, carrying the highest disease burden. This geographic distribution represents a complex interaction among virological, political, social, cultural, and economic forces. In South Africa the HIV epidemic is seemingly unchecked, with 18% of the adult population infected. Although South Africa is a middeveloped country, there is a large chasm between the wealthy and the poor, with many living in moderate to extreme poverty. Poverty creates conditions that fuel the HIV epidemic while HIV exacerbates the multiple interlinking causes of poverty. Children are the most vulnerable members of society, severely affected by all components of the poverty cycle. Although improved health education and access to care will alleviate many problems, sustainable poverty alleviation should form an essential component of the response to AIDS. The formulation of the United Nations Millennium Developmental Goals is an important step in the right direction, but global and local political commitment is essential for success. © 2008 New York Academy of Sciences.
dc.subjectacquired immune deficiency syndrome
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectcondom
dc.subjectfamily planning
dc.subjectgeographic distribution
dc.subjectgovernment
dc.subjecthealth auxiliary
dc.subjecthealth care facility
dc.subjecthealth center
dc.subjecthealth education
dc.subjecthealth program
dc.subjecthigh risk behavior
dc.subjecthighly active antiretroviral therapy
dc.subjecthousehold
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectHuman immunodeficiency virus
dc.subjectpoverty
dc.subjectreview
dc.subjectrural area
dc.subjectsanitation
dc.subjectsexual behavior
dc.subjectsexual intercourse
dc.subjectsocial welfare
dc.subjectsocial work
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.subjectUnited Nations
dc.subjectworld health organization
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectDisease Transmission, Vertical
dc.subjectHIV Infections
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectPoverty
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.subjectHuman immunodeficiency virus
dc.titlePoverty and human immunodeficiency virus in children: A view from the Western Cape, South Africa
dc.typeReview
dc.description.versionReview


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