Impact of thermophoretic transport of Al₂O₃ nanoparticles on viscoelastic flow of oil-based nanofluid over a porous exponentially stretching surface with activation energy

Etwire, Christian John ; Seini, Ibrahim Yakubu ; Rabiu, Musah ; Makinde, Oluwole Daniel (2019)

CITATION: Etwire, C. J., et al. 2019. Impact of thermophoretic transport of Al₂O₃ nanoparticles on viscoelastic flow of oil-based nanofluid over a porous exponentially stretching surface with activation energy. Engineering Transactions, 67(3):387-410, doi:10.24423/EngTrans.954.20190725.

The original publication is available at http://et.ippt.pan.pl

Article

The influence of thermophoretic transport of Al₂O₃ nanoparticles on heat and mass trans- fer in viscoelastic flow of oil-based nanofluid past porous exponentially stretching surface with activation energy has been examined. Similarity technique was employed to transform the gov- erning partial differential equations into a coupled fourth-order ordinary differential equations which were reduced to a system of first-order ordinary differential equations and then solved numerically using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta algorithm with a shooting method. The re- sults for various controlling parameters were tabulated and graphically illustrated. It was found that the thermophoretic transport of Al₂O₃ nanoparticles did not affect the rate of flow and heat transfer at the surface but it affected the rate of mass transfer of the nanofluid which decayed the solutal boundary layer thickness. This study also revealed that activation energy retards the rate of mass transfer which causes a thickening of the solutal boundary layer.

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