Effect of process parameters on residual stresses, distortions, and porosity in selective laser melting of maraging steel 300
CITATION: Mugwagwa, L., Yadroitsev, I. & Matope, S. 2019. Effect of process parameters on residual stresses, distortions, and porosity in selective laser melting of maraging steel 300. Metals, 9(10):1042, doi:10.3390/met9101042.
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ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Selective laser melting (SLM) is one of the most well-known additive manufacturing methods available for the fabrication of functional parts from metal powders. Although SLM is now an established metal additive manufacturing technique, its widespread application in industry is still hindered by inherent phenomena, one of which is high residual stresses. Some of the effects of residual stresses–such as warping and thermal stress-related cracking–cannot be corrected by post processing. Therefore, establishing input process parameter combinations that result in the least residual stress magnitudes and related distortions and/or cracking is critical. This paper presents the influence of laser power, scanning speed, and layer thickness on residual stresses, distortions and achievable density for maraging steel 300 steel parts in order to establish the most optimum input parameter combinations. An analysis of the interdependence between process outcomes shows that high residual stress magnitudes lead to high dimensional distortions in the finished parts, whilst porous parts suffer relatively lower residual stresses and associated distortions.