Twin-arginine signal peptide of Bacillus licheniformis GlmU efficiently mediated secretory expression of protein glutaminase
CITATION: Niu, D., et al. 2019. Twin-arginine signal peptide of Bacillus licheniformis GlmU efficiently mediated secretory expression of protein glutaminase. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 42:49-55. doi:10.1016/j.ejbt.2019.10.006
The original publication is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/electronic-journal-of-biotechnology
Background: Protein glutaminase specifically deamidates glutamine residue in protein and therefore significantly improves protein solubility and colloidal stability of protein solution. In order to improve its preparation efficiency, we exploited the possibility for its secretory expression mediated by twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway in Bacillus licheniformis. Results: The B. licheniformis genome-wide twin-arginine signal peptides were analyzed. Of which, eleven candidates were cloned for construction of expression vectors to mediate the expression of Chryseobacterium proteolyticum protein glutaminase (PGA). The signal peptide of GlmU was confirmed that it significantly mediated PGA secretion into media with the maximum activity of 0.16 U/ml in Bacillus subtilis WB600. A mutant GlmU-R, being replaced the third residue aspartic acid of GlmU twin-arginine signal peptide with arginine by site-directed mutagenesis, mediated the improved secretion of PGA with about 40% increased (0.23 U/ml). In B. licheniformis CBBD302, GlmU-R mediated PGA expression in active form with the maximum yield of 6.8 U/ml in a 25-l bioreactor. Conclusions: PGA can be produced and secreted efficiently in active form via Tat pathway of B. licheniformis, an alternative expression system for the industrial-scale production of PGA.