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    A global-scale screening of non-native aquatic organisms to identify potentially invasive species under current and future climate conditions
    (2021) Vilizzi, L.; Copp, G.H.; Hill, J.E.; Adamovich, B.; Aislabie, L.; Akin, D.; Al-Faisal, A.J.; Almeida, D.; Azmai, M.N.A.; Bakiu, R.; Bellati, A.; Bernier, R.; Bies, J.M.; Bilge, G.; Branco, P.; Bui, T.D.; Canning-Clode, J.; Ramos, H.A.C.; Castellanos-Galindo, G.A.; Castro, N.; Chaichana, R.; Chainho, P.; Chan, J.; Cunico, A.M.; Curd, A.; Dangchana, P.; Dashinov, D.; Davison, P.I.; de Camargo, M.P.; Dodd, J.A.; Donahou, A.L.D.; Edsman, L.; Ekmekci, F.G.; Elphinstone-Davis, J.; Eros, T.; Evangelista, C.; Fenwick, G.; Ferincz, A.; Ferreira, T.; Feunteun, E.; Filiz, H.; Forneck, S.C.; Gajduchenko, H.S.; Monteiro, J.G.; Gestoso, I.; Giannetto, D.; Gilles, A.S.; Gizzi, F.; Glamuzina, B.; Glamuzina, L.; Goldsmit, J.; Gollasch, S.; Goulletquer, P.; Grabowska, J.; Harmer, R.; Haubrock, P.J.; He, D.K.; Hean, J.W.; Herczeg, G.; Howland, K.L.; Ilhan, A.; Interesova, E.; Jakubcinova, K.; Jelmert, A.; Johnsen, S.I.; Kakareko, T.; Kanongdate, K.; Killi, N.; Kim, J.E.; Kirankaya, S.G.; Knazovicka, D.; Kopecky, O.; Kostov, V.; Koutsikos, N.; Kozic, S.; Kuljanishvili, T.; Kumar, B.; Kumar, L.; Kurita, Y.; Kurtul, I.; Lazzaro, L.; Lee, L.; Lehtiniemi, M.; Leonardi, G.; Leuven, R.; Li, S.; Lipinskaya, T.; Liu, F.; Lloyd, L.; Lorenzoni, M.; Luna, S.A.; Lyons, T.J.; Magellan, K.; Malmstrom, M.; Marchini, A.; Marr, S.M.; Masson, G.; Masson, L.; McKenzie, C.H.; Memedemin, D.; Mendoza, R.; Minchin, D.; Miossec, L.; Moghaddas, S.D.; Moshobane, M.C.; Mumladze, L.; Naddafi, R.; Najafi-Majd, E.; Nastase, A.; Navodaru, I.; Neal, J.W.; Nienhuis, S.; Nimtim, M.; Nolan, E.T.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.; Ojaveer, H.; Olenin, S.; Olsson, K.; Onikura, N.; O'Shaughnessy, K.; Paganelli, D.; Parretti, P.; Patoka, J.; Jr, R.; Pellitteri-Rosa, D.; Pelletier-Rousseau, M.; Peralta, E.M.; Perdikaris, C.; Pietraszewski, D.; Piria, M.; Pitois, S.; Pompei, L.; Poulet, N.; Preda, C.; Puntila-Dodd, R.; Qashqaei, A.T.; Radocaj, T.; Rahmani, H.; Raj, S.; Reeves, D.; Ristovska, M.; Rizevsky, V.; Robertson, D.R.; Robertson, P.; Ruykys, L.; Sab, A.; Santos, J.M.; Sari, H.M.; Segurado, P.; Semenchenko, V.; Senanan, W.; Simard, N.; Simonovic, P.; Skora, M.; Svolikova, K.S.; Smeti, E.; Smidova, T.; Spelic, I.; Srebaliene, G.; Stasolla, G.; Stebbing, P.; Stevove, B.; Suresh, V.R.; Szajbert, B.; Ta, K.A.T.; Tarkan, A.S.; Tempesti, J.; Therriault, T.W.; Tidbury, H.J.; Top-Karakus, N.; Tricarico, E.; Troca, D.A.; Tsiamis, K.; Tuckett, Q.M.; Tutman, P.; Uyan, U.; Uzunova, E.; Vardakas, L.; Velle, G.; Verreycken, H.; Vintsek, L.; Wei, H.; Weiperth, A.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Winter, E.R.; Wlodarczyk, R.; Wood, L.E.; Yang, R.B.; Yapici, S.; Yeo, S.S.B.; Yogurtcuoglu, B.; Yunnie, A.L.E.; Zhu, Y.J.; Zieba, G.; Zitnanova, K.; Clarke, S.
    The threat posed by invasive non-native species worldwide requires a global approach to identify which introduced species are likely to pose an elevated risk of impact to native species and ecosystems. To inform policy, stakeholders and management decisions on global threats to aquatic ecosystems, 195 assessors representing 120 risk assessment areas across all six inhabited continents screened 819 non-native species from 15 groups of aquatic organisms (freshwater, brackish, marine plants and animals) using the Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit. This multi-lingual decision-support tool for the risk screening of aquatic organisms provides assessors with risk scores for a species under current and future climate change conditions that, following a statistically based calibration, permits the accurate classification of species into high-, medium-and low-risk categories under current and predicted climate conditions. The 1730 screenings undertaken encompassed wide geographical areas (regions, political entities, parts thereof, water bodies, river basins, lake drainage basins, and marine regions), which permitted thresholds to be identified for almost all aquatic organismal groups screened as well as for tropical, temperate and continental climate classes, and for tropical and temperate marine ecoregions. In total, 33 species were identified as posing a & lsquo;very high risk & rsquo; of being or becoming invasive, and the scores of several of these species under current climate increased under future climate conditions, primarily due to their wide thermal tolerances. The risk thresholds determined for taxonomic groups and climate zones provide a basis against which area-specific or climate-based calibrated thresholds may be interpreted. In turn, the risk rankings help decision-makers identify which species require an immediate & lsquo;rapid & rsquo; management action (e.g. eradication, control) to avoid or mitigate adverse impacts, which require a full risk assessment, and which are to be restricted or banned with regard to importation and/or sale as ornamental or aquarium/fishery enhancement. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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    A global review and meta-analysis of applications of the freshwater Fish Invasiveness Screening Kit
    (2019) Vilizzi, L.; Copp, G.H.; Adamovich, B.; Almeida, D.; Chan, J.; Davison, P.I.; Dembski, S.; Ekmekci, F.G.; Ferincz, A.; Forneck, S.C.; Hill, J.E.; Kim, J.E.; Koutsikos, N.; Leuven, R.S.E.W.; Luna, S.A.; Magalhaes, F.; Marr, S.M.; Mendoza, R.; Mourao, C.F.; Neal, J.W.; Onikura, N.; Perdikaris, C.; Piria, M.; Poulet, N.; Puntila, R.; Range, I.L.; Simonovic, P.; Ribeiro, F.; Tarkan, A.S.; Troca, D.F.A.; Vardakas, L.; Verreycken, H.; Vintsek, L.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Yeo, D.C.J.; Zeng, Y.W.
    The freshwater Fish Invasiveness Screening Kit (FISK) has been applied in 35 risk assessment areas in 45 countries across the six inhabited continents (11 applications using FISK v1; 25 using FISK v2). The present study aimed: to assess the breadth of FISK applications and the confidence (certainty) levels associated with the decision-support tool's 49 questions and its ability to distinguish between taxa of low-to-medium and high risk of becoming invasive, and thus provide climate-specific, generalised, calibrated thresholds for risk level categorisation; and to identify the most potentially invasive freshwater fish species on a global level. The 1973 risk assessments were carried out by 70 + experts on 372 taxa (47 of the 51 species listed as invasive in the Global Invasive Species Database ), which in decreasing order of importance belonged to the taxonomic Orders Cypriniformes, Perciformes, Siluriformes, Characiformes, Salmoniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, with the remaining approximate to 8% of taxa distributed across an additional 13 orders. The most widely-screened species (in decreasing importance) were: grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, common carp Cyprinus carpio, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva. Nine 'globally' high risk species were identified: common carp, black bullhead Ameiurus melas, round goby Neogobius melanostomus, Chinese (Amur) sleeper Perccottus glenii, brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus, eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki, largemouth (black) bass Micropterus salmoides, pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus and pikeperch Sander lucioperca. The relevance of this global review to policy, legislation, and risk assessment and management procedures is discussed.