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An educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidence

dc.contributor.authorDe Buck, Emmyen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLaermans, Jorienen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVanhove, Anne-Catherineen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDockx, Kimen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVandekerckhove, Philippeen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGeduld, Heikeen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-25T12:30:22Z
dc.date.available2020-06-25T12:30:22Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-03
dc.identifier.citationDe Buck, E., et al. 2020. An educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidence. BMC Public Health, 20:836, doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08857-5
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1186/s12889-020-08857-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/108673
dc.descriptionCITATION: De Buck, E., et al. 2020. An educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidence. BMC Public Health, 20:836, doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08857-5.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com
dc.description.abstractBackground: First aid training is a cost-effective way to decrease the burden of disease and injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Since evidence from Western countries has shown that children are able to learn first aid, first aid training of children in LMIC may be a promising way forward. Hence, our project aim was to develop contextualized materials to train sub-Saharan African children in first aid, based on the best available evidence. Methods: Systematic literature searches were conducted to identify studies on first aid education to children up to 18 years old (research question one), and studies investigating different teaching approaches (broader than first aid) in LMIC (research question two). A multidisciplinary expert panel translated the evidence to the context of sub- Saharan Africa, and evidence and expert input were used to develop teaching materials. Results: For question one, we identified 58 studies, measuring the effect of training children in resuscitation, first aid for skin wounds, poisoning etc. For question two, two systematic reviews were included from which we selected 36 studies, revealing the effectiveness of several pedagogical methods, such as problem-solving instruction and small-group instruction. However, the certainty of the evidence was low to very low. Hence expert input was necessary to formulate training objectives and age ranges based on “good practice” whenever the quantity or quality of the evidence was limited. The experts also placed the available evidence against the African context. Conclusions: The above approach resulted in an educational pathway (i.e. a scheme with educational goals concerning first aid for different age groups), a list of recommended educational approaches, and first aid teaching materials for children, based on the best available evidence and adapted to the African context.
dc.description.urihttps://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-020-08857-5
dc.format.extent16 pages ; illustrations
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherBMC (part of Springer Nature)
dc.subjectFirst aid -- Study and teaching (Secondary) -- Curricula -- Africa, Sub-Saharanen_ZA
dc.subjectFirst aid -- Study and teaching (Secondary) -- Aids and devices -- Africa, Sub-Saharanen_ZA
dc.subjectHelping behavior -- Africa, Sub-Saharanen_ZA
dc.subjectEvidence-based medicine -- Practiceen_ZA
dc.titleAn educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidenceen_ZA
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2020-06-07T05:55:41Z
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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