Corruption in the health sector in South Africa and India.
CITATION: Pillay, P. & Mantzaris, A. 2017. Corruption in the Health Sector in South Africa and India. African Journal of Public Affairs, 9(8):48-62.
The original publication is available at https://journals.co.za/content/journal/ajpa_v9_n8
The article is an integral part of a comprehensive comparative empirical study on corruption in the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). The article begins with the context and parameters of the research identifying a number of core concepts associated with the phenomenon. The anti-corruption legislation in the two aforementioned countries is presented next with South Africa seemingly introducing a diverse range of anti-corruption laws, rules and regulations that tackle almost all aspects of the phenomenon in comparison to India. A number of the most significant laws and instruments relevant in the fight against corruption in the healthcare sector is briefly analysed. The methodology followed in the study combined diverse empirical approaches, such as primary documentary research released by the South African and Indian Treasuries and the Auditor-General authorities, unstructured interviews with researchers, experts and government officials in both countries as well as content analysis of the print media. The data analysis provided the realities of fraud, corruption and collusion, its types and reasons for perpetration in a comparative perspective. The key differences between the two as revealed by the findings is that while in India the rampant corruption is more evident in the private sector, the opposite is true for South Africa. A number of explanations based on the empirical findings are advanced.