Loving the neighbour and the resident alien in Leviticus 19 as ethical redefinition of holiness
CITATION: Bosman, H. L. 2018. Loving the neighbour and the resident alien in Leviticus 19 as ethical redefinition of holiness. Old Testament Essays, 31(3):571-590, doi:10.17159/2312-3621/2018/v31n3a10.
The original publication is available at http://www.scielo.org.za
"Loving the neighbour " is generally accepted as fundamental to Judeo-Christian theological ethics. However, few reflect on the implications of extending "loving the neighbour" (Lev 19:18) to "loving the resident alien/foreigner" (Lev 19:33-34) within the context of the Holiness Code (Lev 17-26). This contribution argues that "holiness" is redefined in Leviticus 19 by combining the instructions related to cultic rituals (aimed at the priests) in Leviticus 1-16 with the theological-ethical issues (aimed at all Israelites) in Leviticus 17-26; thereby moving from "ascribed holiness" (granted by divine decree to cultic officials) to "achieved holiness" (available to all Israel through obedience) in the post-exilic period.