Working towards an increase in manganese ferroalloy production in South Africa - a research agenda
CITATION: Steenkamp, J. D., et al. 2018. Working towards an increase in manganese ferroalloy production in South Africa - a research agenda. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 118(6):645-654, doi:10.17159/2411-9717/2018/v118n6a13.
The original publication is available at http://www.scielo.org.za
Although South Africa is endowed with one of the largest land-based deposits of manganese ore, in the order of 80% of the ore mined is exported for beneficiation elsewhere. The past 15 years has seen a decline in the production of manganese ferroalloys locally due to a steep rise in the price of electricity, among other factors. As local beneficiation of South Africa's resources is a national priority, a research agenda to increase manganese ferroalloy production in South Africa was developed. Inputs were obtained from various role-players in the value chain, including local smelter operations, research institutions both local and abroad, and companies providing support to the industry. Ninety-five research opportunities were identified and grouped into twenty-one research themes. The results are reported here in the context of a review of relevant Infacon papers and Mintek reports. As implementation of such a research agenda could be done through the development of a technology roadmap, the paper concludes with an example from Norway where a roadmap was developed to increase the use of natural gas in metal production.