Cardiac development and transcription factors : insulin signalling, insulin resistance, and intrauterine nutritional programming of cardiovascular disease
CITATION: Govindsamy, A., Naidoo, S. & Cerf, M. E. 2018. Cardiac development and transcription factors : insulin signalling, insulin resistance, and intrauterine nutritional programming of cardiovascular disease. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2018 (Article ID 8547976), doi:10.1155/2018/8547976..
The original publication is available at https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Programming with an insult or stimulus during critical developmental life stages shapes metabolic disease through divergent mechanisms. Cardiovascular disease increasingly contributes to global morbidity and mortality, and the heart as an insulin-sensitive organ may become insulin resistant, which manifests as micro- and/or macrovascular complications due to diabetic complications. Cardiogenesis is a sequential process during which the heart develops into a mature organ and is regulated by several cardiac-specific transcription factors. Disrupted cardiac insulin signalling contributes to cardiac insulin resistance. Intrauterine under- or overnutrition alters offspring cardiac structure and function, notably cardiac hypertrophy, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and hypertension that precede the onset of cardiovascular disease. Optimal intrauterine nutrition and oxygen saturation are required for normal cardiac development in offspring and the maintenance of their cardiovascular physiology.