Now showing items 31-40 of 180
Cerebrospinal fluid amino acid profiling of pediatric cases with tuberculous meningitis
(Frontiers Media, 2017)
Background: In Africa, tuberculosis is generally regarded as persisting as one of the most devastating infectious diseases. The pediatric population is particularly vulnerable, with infection of the brain in the form of ...
HIV treatment-as-prevention research : taking the right road at the crossroads
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
No abstract available
Outcome of children admitted to a general highcare unit in a regional hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2016-10-03)
Background. Critically ill children are often managed in non-tertiary general intensive care units admitting both adults and children, but few data are currently available regarding paediatric outcomes in these general ...
Nutritional support of children with chronic liver disease
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2015)
Anorexia, malabsorption and metabolic derangements contribute to the malnutrition that occurs in most children with chronic liver disease. Nutritional support should be started early in the management of these children ...
White matter abnormalities in children with HIV infection and exposure
(Frontiers Media, 2017)
Background: Due to changes in guidelines and access to treatment, more children start combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in infancy. With few studies examining the long-term effects of perinatal HIV infection and ...
The association between the ratio of monocytes : lymphocytes at age 3 months and risk of tuberculosis (TB) in the first two years of life
(BioMed Central, 2014-07-17)
Background: Recent transcriptomic studies revived a hypothesis suggested by historical studies in rabbits that the ratio of peripheral blood monocytes to lymphocytes (ML) is associated with risk of tuberculosis (TB) ...
Operational challenges in managing Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in child contacts : a high-burden setting perspective
Abstract Background The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a ...
Aggressive desmoid fibromatosis : first case in a Rwandan child
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2013-08-30)
Desmoid tumours are a rare group of locally aggressive, non-malignant tumours of fibroblastic origin that can result in significant morbidity due to local invasion. Facial involvement in children with aggressive fibromatosis ...
Treatment of young children with HIV infection : using evidence to inform policymakers
(Public Library of Science, 2012-07-24)
No abstract available.
Socioeconomic factors associated with asthma prevalence and severity among children living in low-income South African communities
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2016-03-09)
Background. Rates of asthma, poverty and social deprivation are high among young people in South Africa (SA), yet asthma interventions largely remain focused on biomedical factors. Objective. To investigate associations ...