Now showing items 21-30 of 321
It’s complicated : why do tuberculosis patients not initiate or stay adherent to treatment? a qualitative study from South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2016-11-25)
Background: Individuals who test positive for active tuberculosis (TB) but do not initiate treatment present a challenge to TB programmes because they contribute to ongoing transmission within communities. To better understand ...
Utilization of paediatric isolation facilities in a TB-endemic setting
(BioMed Central, 2015-09)
Introduction: In hospital settings, patient isolation is used to limit transmission of certain pathogens (e.g. M. tuberculosis [TB], antibiotic-resistant bacteria and viruses causing respiratory and enteric infection). ...
Optimizing research methods to understand HIV-exposed uninfected infant and child morbidity : report of the second HEU infant and child workshop
(Frontiers Media, 2016)
The first HIV Exposed Uninfected (HEU) Infant and Child Workshop was held in Vancouver in July 2015, hosted by the Child and Family Research Institute at the British Columbia Children’s Hospital and University of British ...
H1N1 influenza (‘swine ‘flu’) in the paediatric ICU in South Africa
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2015-09-18)
No abstract available.
Xpert MTB/RIF assay can be used on archived gastric aspirate and induced sputum samples for sensitive diagnosis of paediatric tuberculosis
(BioMed Central, 2015-09-29)
Background Tuberculosis (TB) in children is neglected, mainly due to lack of sensitive diagnostic tools. Recently Xpert MTB/RIF assay has revolutionized the diagnostic field, but its usefulness in pediatric TB has not ...
Missing HIV prevention opportunities in South African children – A 7-year review
(BioMed Central, 2014-12-13)
Background: The prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program in South Africa is now successful in ensuring HIV-free survival for most HIV-exposed children, but gaps in PMTCT coverage remain. The study ...
Characteristics of clients who access mobile compared to clinic HIV counselling and testing services : a matched study from Cape Town, South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2014-12)
Background: Studies within sub-Saharan African countries have shown that mobile services increase uptake of HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services when compared to clinics and are able to access different ...
Trends in paediatric bloodstream infections at a South African referral hospital
(BioMed Central, 2015-04)
Background: The epidemiology of paediatric bloodstream infection (BSI) in Sub-Saharan Africa is poorly documented with limited data on hospital-acquired sepsis, impact of HIV infection, BSI trends and antimicrobial ...
Universal children’s day : let’s improve current interventions to reduce vertical transmission of HIV now
(International AIDS society, 2014-11-20)
By 2013, there was a 40% decline in new paediatric infections compared to 2009. Prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV continues to reduce the frequency of HIV in infants through wider and earlier ...
The management of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn : a review
(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2016-12-14)
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is a neonatal emergency with a high mortality rate in spite of several advances in the management thereof. The underlying pathophysiology is complex and multifactorial. The ...