Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Prevalence of tuberculosis, HIV and respiratory symptoms in two Zambian communities: Implications for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV
(Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2009-05)
Background: The Stop TB Partnership target for tuberculosis is to have reduced the prevalence of tuberculosis by 50% comparing 2015 to 1990. This target is challenging as few prevalence surveys have been conducted, especially ...
The association of hyperglycaemia with prevalent tuberculosis : a population-based cross-sectional study
(BioMed Central, 2016)
Background: Systematic reviews suggest that the incidence of diagnosed tuberculosis is two- to- three times higher in those with diabetes mellitus than in those without. Few studies have previously reported the ...
Annual risk of tuberculous infection using different methods in communities with a high prevalence of TB and HIV in Zambia and South Africa
(Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2009-11)
Background: The annual risk of tuberculous infection (ARTI) is a key epidemiological indicator of the extent of transmission in a community. Several methods have been suggested to estimate the prevalence of tuberculous ...
High prevalence of Tuberculosis and insufficient case detection in two communities in the Western Cape, South Africa
(PLoS ONE, 2013-04)
Background: In South Africa the estimated incidence of all forms of tuberculosis (TB) for 2008 was 960/100000. It was reported that all South Africans lived in districts with Directly Observed Therapy, Short-course. However, ...
ZAMSTAR, The Zambia South Africa TB and HIV Reduction study : design of a 2x2 factorial community randomized trial
(BioMed Central, 2008-11)
Background: TB and HIV form a deadly synergy in much of the developing world, especially Africa. Interventions to reduce the impact of these diseases at community level are urgently needed. This paper presents the design ...
Risk factors for infection and disease in child contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis : a cross-sectional study
(BioMed Central, 2013-08)
Background: Young children exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis have a high risk of disease progression following infection. This study aimed to determine risk factors for M. tuberculosis infection and disease in children ...