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Urban resilience and sustainability challenges : a case study on the City of Windhoek

dc.contributor.advisorFortuin, Henrien_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, Nancy Lynneen_ZA
dc.contributor.otherStellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences. School of Public Leadership.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-25T08:55:43Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-17T08:25:08Z
dc.date.available2019-02-25T08:55:43Z
dc.date.available2019-04-17T08:25:08Z
dc.date.issued2019-04
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/106040
dc.descriptionThesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2019.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractENGLISH SUMMARY : The concept of sustainable development resulted after a global connection in environmental problems was found. Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report, provided a strategic foundation to among others, the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro which led to the UNCED framework known as Agenda 21. Many countries are affected by climate change and sustainable development is being introduced into policy documents. Resilience is increasingly used in sustainable development policies, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. Urbanisation has occurred at a rapid pace in Namibia and many people from rural areas have migrated to Windhoek in search of better employment and an improved quality of life. The urbanisation has led to various sustainability challenges in the ecological-, social-, housing- and political environment. This study describes the sustainability challenges in Windhoek, the capital city of Namibia. Shortly after Namibia’s independence in 1990, various environmental policies and development plans were put in place to guide environmental management in Namibia. These environmental policies and development plans of Namibia are reviewed to determine whether they are adequate for addressing sustainability challenges in Windhoek and to strengthen resilience in the City of Windhoek. The study concludes with recommendations on improving the sustainability of, and urban resilience for, the City of Windhoek. Lessons are also drawn from the sustainability success stories of the City of Seattle in the USA, Curitiba in Brazil and Bogotá in Colombia and for recommendations to assist the City of Windhoek in its journey towards sustainability and improved resilience. The study’s findings suggest that sustainability forms part of the environmental legislation; however, the implementation has not been effective, such as in the case of the City of Windhoek. Resilience only surfaced in the latest development plan on Namibia.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractAFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING : Die konsep van volhoubare ontwikkeling het ontstaan nadat omgewingsprobleme globaal saamgevoeg is. Our Common Future, ook bekend as die Brundtland-verslag, het ’n strategiese basis verskaf aan onder meer die Aarde Spitsberaad in Rio de Janeiro, wat in 1992 plaasgevind het, en wat tot die UNCED-raamwerk, bekend as Agenda 21, aanleiding gegee het. Talle lande word deur klimaatsverandering geraak en volhoubare ontwikkeling word al hoe meer deel van beleidsdokumente. Lewenskragtigheid word toenemend in beleide oor volhoubare ontwikkeling, aanpassing in klimaatsverandering en vermindering van ramprisiko gebruik. Verstedeliking het teen ’n snelle tempo in Namibië voorgekom en mense uit plattelandse gebiede het na Windhoek migreer op soek na beter indiensneming en ’n beter gehalte van lewe. Dié verstedeliking het aanleiding gegee tot verskeie volhoubaarheidsuitdagings wat betref ekologiese, sosiale, behuisings en politieke aangeleenthede. Hierdie studie beskryf die volhoubaarheidsuitdagings in Windhoek, die hoofstad van Namibië. Kort na Namibië se onafhanklikheidswording in 1990, is verskeie omgewingsbeleide en ontwikkelingsplanne in plek geplaas om leiding te bied wat omgewingsbestuur in Namibië betref. Hierdie omgewingsbeleide en ontwikkelingsplanne van Namibië word hersien om vas te stel of hulle bruikbaar is om volhoubaarheidstudies in Windhoek aan te spreek en lewenskragtigheid in die Stad Windhoek te verstewig. Die studie sluit af met aanbevelings vir die verbetering van die volhoubaarheid en stedelike lewenskragtigheid van die Stad Windhoek. Lesse geleer van volhoubare suksesverhale van die Stad Seattle in die VSA, Curitiba in Brasilië en Bogotá in Kolombië word gebruik om verskeie aanbevelings te doen om the Stad Windhoek by te staan met sy strewe na die bereiking van volhoubaarheid en verbetering van lewensvatbaarheid. Die studie se bevinding dui daarop dat volhoubaarheid deel uitmaak van die omgewingswetgewing, maar die implementering het getoon nie so doeltreffend te wees soos in die geval van die Stad Windhoek nie, waar verskeie volhoubaarheidsprobleme steeds aanwesig is. Lewenskragtigheid het eers in die jongste ontwikkelingsplan met betrekking tot Namibië deurgeskemer en het nie voorheen deel van omgewingswetgewing uitgemaak nie.af_ZA
dc.format.extentxiv, 160 pages ; illustrations
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherStellenbosch : Stellenbosch University
dc.subjectSustainable development -- Environmental aspects -- Windhoek (Namibia) -- Case studiesen_ZA
dc.subjectUrban resilience -- Windhoek (Namibia) -- Case studiesen_ZA
dc.subjectCity planning -- Environmental aspects -- Windhoek (Namibia) -- Case studiesen_ZA
dc.subjectEnvironmental policy -- Windhoek (Namibia)en_ZA
dc.subjectUCTD
dc.titleUrban resilience and sustainability challenges : a case study on the City of Windhoeken_ZA
dc.typeThesisen_ZA
dc.rights.holderStellenbosch University


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