The development impact of the renewable energy independent power producer procurement programme on South Africa's small towns

Morar, Jeeten (2019-04)

Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2019.

Thesis

ENGLISH SUMMARY : This thesis aims to explore how effective economic development efforts in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Produce Programme (REIPPPP) have been at creating long term improvements in the livelihood of low income communities. The research sheds light on some of the complexity that exists within community development in the REIPPPP, and highlights common mentalities and approaches that exist among renewable energy developers when engaging with the poor. An overarching transdisciplinary research method is used, in conjunction with a multiple case study approach to document existing practices seen in the Northern Cape, and compare these with best practice case studies from developing nations that are renowned for their community development approaches around the world. The core argument emerging from the research is that community development efforts, as they exist in their present form, are largely ineffective because they do not address core psychological issues, but rather take a band-aid approach. Renewable energy companies commonly take a top-down, hand-out, risk minimising approach that further entrenches feelings of worthlessness, hopeless and a recipient mentality among the poor. In order for development funding to be effective, community development efforts need to create tangible improvements in wellbeing for the poor that will continue into the long term. To achieve this, it is argued that developers need to take a deeply engaged approach and work closely with communities, as opposed to making decisions for them. Additionally, embedding enterprise thinking into development initiatives can support the continuation of the project into the long term in terms of funding and man-power. Finally, the ecological impacts of community upliftment initiatives need to be considered if the goal is to achieve a more sustainable form of development.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING : Die doel van hierdie proefskrif is om te ondersoek hoe effektiewe ekonomiese ontwikkelingspogings in die Hernubare Energie Onafhanklike Kragprodusent Verkrygingsprogram (REIPPPP), was om langtermynverbeterings in die lewensbestaan van lae inkomste gemeenskappe te skep. Die navorsing werp lig op sommige van die kompleksiteit wat bestaan binne gemeenskapsontwikkeling in die REIPPPP, en beklemtoon gemeenskaplike denkwyses en benaderings wat deur hernubare energie ontwikkelaars gebruik word wanneer hulle met die armes betrokke raak. 'n Oorhoofse transdissiplinêre navorsingsmetode is gebruik, in samewerking met 'n meervoudige gevallestudie-benadering om bestaande praktyke in die Noord-Kaap te dokumenteer en vergelyk dit met beste praktykgevallestudies van ontwikkelende lande regoor die wêreld wat bekend staan vir hul gemeenskapsontwikkelingsbenaderings. Die kernargument wat uit die navorsing voortspruit, is dat gemeenskapsontwikkelingspogings, soos hulle in hul huidige vorm bestaan, grootliks ondoeltreffend is omdat hulle nie kernpsigologiese probleme aanspreek nie, maar eerder 'n bandhulpbenadering volg. Hernubare energie maatskappye neem gewoonlik 'n neerbuigend oorhoofse , bakhand mentaliteit en risikominimaliserende benadering wat die gevoelens van waardeloosheid, hopeloosheid en 'n ontvanger se mentaliteit verder onderdruk. Ten einde vir die ontwikkeling befondsing doeltreffend te maak, moet gemeenskapsontwikkelingspogings tasbare verbeterings in welsyn vir die armes skep wat op lang termyn sal voortduur. Om dit te bereik, word aangevoer dat ontwikkelaars 'n diep gekoppelde benadering moet inneem en saam met gemeenskappe moet werk, in teenstelling met die neem van besluite vir hulle. Tweedens, die inskerping van ondernemings denke in ontwikkelingsinisiatiewe kan die voortsetting van die projek in die lang termyn ondersteun in terme van befondsing en mannekrag. Laastens, die ekologiese impak van ontwikkelings moet oorweeg word as die doelwit is om 'n volhoubare vorm van ontwikkeling te bewerkstellig.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/106029
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