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Growing-up (habitually) barefoot influences the development of foot and arch morphology in children and adolescents

dc.contributor.authorHollander, Karstenen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDe Villiers, Johanna Elsabeen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSehner, Susanneen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWegscheider, Karlen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBraumann, Klaus-Michaelen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVenter, Ranelen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorZech, Astriden_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-29T08:53:41Z
dc.date.available2018-11-29T08:53:41Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationHollander, K., et al. 2017. Growing-up (habitually) barefoot influences the development of foot and arch morphology in children and adolescents. Scientific Reports, 7:8079, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-07868-4en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322 (Online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1038/s41598-017-07868-4
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104748
dc.descriptionCITATION: Hollander, K., et al. 2017. Growing-up (habitually) barefoot influences the development of foot and arch morphology in children and adolescents. Scientific Reports, 7:8079, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-07868-4.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://www.nature.comen_ZA
dc.description.abstractThe development of the human foot is crucial for motor learning in children and adolescents as it ensures the basic requirements for bipedal locomotion and stable standing. Although there is an ongoing debate of the advantages and disadvantages of early and permanent footwear use, the influence of regular barefootness on foot characteristics in different stages of child development has not been extensively evaluated. A multicenter epidemiological study was conducted to compare the foot morphology between habitually barefoot children and adolescents (N = 810) to age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched counterparts that are used to wearing shoes. While controlling for confounders, we found that habitual footwear use has significant effects on foot-related outcomes in all age groups, such as a reduction in foot arch and hallux angles. The results indicate an impact of habitual footwear use on the development of the feet of children and adolescents. Therefore, growing up barefoot or shod may play an important role for childhood foot development, implying long-term consequences for motor learning and health later in life.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07868-4
dc.format.extent9 pages : illustrationsen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherNature Researchen_ZA
dc.subjectFoot -- Morphologyen_ZA
dc.subjectFoot -- Anatomyen_ZA
dc.subjectFootwearen_ZA
dc.subjectFoot -- Physiologyen_ZA
dc.subjectFoot -- Mechanical propertiesen_ZA
dc.titleGrowing-up (habitually) barefoot influences the development of foot and arch morphology in children and adolescentsen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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