A conceptual theoretical framework to integrally assess the possible impacts of climate change on domestic irrigation water use
CITATION: Jacobs, H. E. et al. 2015. A conceptual theoretical framework to integrally assess the possible impacts of climate change on domestic irrigation water use. Water SA, 41(5):586-593, doi:10.4314/wsa.v41i5.01.
The original publication is available at http://www.wrc.org.za
Southern Africa is likely to experience higher evapotranspiration and altered rainfall characteristics due to global warming and climate change. Climate-driven water use may potentially stress water supply facilities due to increased demand and reduced surface water yield. This paper presents a conceptual theoretical framework for assessing impacts of climate change on domestic irrigation water use. The prediction of climatic conditions that may potentially influence future water use is reviewed together with regional capacity for downscaling global climate projections. The impact assessment of water use is based on the modification and adaptation of an existing end-use model for water demand to include parameters for climate change. The Penman-Monteith equation and the soil water balance equation are incorporated for the estimation of daily water needs of vegetated areas in residential properties. The paper also discusses data requirements and a calibration procedure to improve model fit to the observed domestic irrigation water use. The proposed approach could form a basis for constructing a detailed model for planning various adaption measures relating to climate-driven domestic irrigation water use.