Incentives and enablers to improve adherence in tuberculosis

Wiysonge, Charles Shey Umaru ; Lutge, Elizabeth E. ; Knight, Stephen E. ; Sinclair, David ; Volmink, Jimmy (2015-09-03)

CITATION: Wiysonge, C. S. U. et al. 2015. Incentives and enablers to improve adherence in tuberculosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9: Art. No.: CD007952, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007952.pub3.

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Background: Patient adherence to medications, particularly for conditions requiring prolonged treatment such as tuberculosis (TB), is frequently less than ideal and can result in poor treatment outcomes. Material incentives to reward good behaviour and enablers to remove economic barriers to accessing care are sometimes given in the form of cash, vouchers, or food to improve adherence. Objectives: To evaluate the effects ofmaterial incentives and enablers in patients undergoing diagnostic testing, or receiving prophylactic or curative therapy, for TB.

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