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Authorship, plagiarism and conflict of interest : views and practices from low/ middle-income country health researchers

dc.contributor.authorRohwer, Ankeen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Tarynen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWager, Elizabethen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGarner, Paulen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-15T09:50:34Z
dc.date.available2018-08-15T09:50:34Z
dc.date.issued2017-11
dc.identifier.citationRohwer, A., Young, R., Wager, e. & Garner, P. 2017. Authorship, plagiarism and conflict of interest: Views and practices from low/ middle-income country health researchers, BMJ Open, 7(11):e018467. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018467.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055 (online)en_ZA
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018467.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104265
dc.descriptionCITATION: Rohwer, A., Young, R., Wager, e. & Garner, P. 2017. Authorship, plagiarism and conflict of interest: Views and practices from low/ middle-income country health researchers, BMJ Open, 7(11):e018467. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018467.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://bmjopen.bmj.com/en_ZA
dc.description.abstractObjectives To document low/middle-income country (LMIC) health researchers’ views about authorship, redundant publication, plagiarism and conflicts of interest and how common poor practice was in their institutions. Design We developed a questionnaire based on scenarios about authorship, redundant publication, plagiarism and conflicts of interest. We asked participants whether the described practices were acceptable and whether these behaviours were common at their institutions. We conducted in-depth interviews with respondents who agreed to be interviewed. Participants We invited 607 corresponding authors of Cochrane reviews working in LMICs. From the 583 emails delivered, we obtained 199 responses (34%). We carried out in-depth interviews with 15 respondents. Results Seventy-seven per cent reported that guest authorship occurred at their institution, 60% reported text recycling. For plagiarism, 12% of respondents reported that this occurred ‘occasionally’, and 24% ‘rarely’. Forty per cent indicated that their colleagues had not declared conflicts of interest in the past. Respondents generally recognised poor practice in scenarios but reported that they occurred at their institutions. Themes identified from in-depth interviews were (1) authorship rules are simple in theory, but not consistently applied; (2) academic status and power underpin behaviours; (3) institutions and culture fuel bad practices and (4) researchers are uncertain about what conflict of interests means and how this may influence research. Conclusions LMIC researchers report that guest authorship is widely accepted and common. While respondents report that plagiarism and undeclared conflicts of interest are unacceptable in practice, they appear common. Determinants of poor practice relate to academic status and power, fuelled by institutional norms and culture.en_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupen_ZA
dc.subjectResearch integrityen_ZA
dc.subjectResearch reporting practicesen_ZA
dc.subjectLow- and middle-income countriesen_ZA
dc.titleAuthorship, plagiarism and conflict of interest : views and practices from low/ middle-income country health researchersen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionpublishers versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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