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The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa

dc.contributor.authorFaulkner, Katelyn T.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHurley, Brett P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, Mark P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRouget, Mathieuen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWilson, John R. U.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-07T06:43:04Z
dc.date.available2018-08-07T06:43:04Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationFaulkner, K. T., et al. 2017. The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity and Conservation, 47(2):a2157, doi:10.4102/abc.v47i2.2157
dc.identifier.issn2311-9284 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0006-8241 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4102/abc.v47i2.2157
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104231
dc.descriptionCITATION: Faulkner, K. T., et al. 2017. The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity and Conservation, 47(2):a2157, doi:10.4102/abc.v47i2.2157.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://abcjournal.org
dc.description.abstractBackground: Alien organisms are not only introduced from one biogeographical region to another but also spread within regions. As South Africa shares land borders with six countries, multiple opportunities exist for the transfer of alien species between South Africa and other African countries; however, the direction and importance of intra-regional spread is unclear. Objectives: The aim of this study was to gain a greater understanding of the introduction of alien species into Africa and the spread of species between South Africa and other African countries. Method: We developed scenarios that describe the routes by which alien species are introduced to and spread within Africa and present case studies for each. Using data from literature sources and databases, the relative importance of each scenario for alien birds and insect pests of eucalypts was determined, and the direction and importance of intra-regional spread was assessed. Results: Alien species from many taxonomic groups have, through various routes, been introduced to and spread within Africa. For birds and eucalypt insect pests, the number of species spreading in the region has recently increased, with South Africa being a major recipient of birds (14 species received and 5 donated) and a major donor of eucalypt insect pests (1 species received and 10 donated). For both groups, many introduced species have not yet spread in the region. Conclusion: The intra-regional spread of alien species in Africa represents an important and possibly increasing threat to biosecurity. To address this threat, we propose a framework that details how African countries could cooperate and develop a coordinated response to alien species introductions.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://abcjournal.org/index.php/abc/article/view/2157
dc.format.extent16 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherAOSIS Publishing
dc.subjectBiological invasionsen_ZA
dc.subjectBiosecurityen_ZA
dc.subjectIntroduced organismsen_ZA
dc.titleThe balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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