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Prevention of infective endocarditis associated with dental interventions : South African Heart association position statement, endorsed by the South African Dental Association

dc.contributor.authorJankelow, Daviden_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCupido, Blancheen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorZuhlke, Lieslen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSliwa, Karenen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNtsekhe, Mpikoen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorManga, Pravinen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDoubell, Antonen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLawrenson, Johnen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorEssop, Mohammed Rafiqueen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-21T06:36:06Z
dc.date.available2017-11-21T06:36:06Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationJankelow, D., et al. 2017. Prevention of infective endocarditis associated with dental interventions : South African Heart association position statement, endorsed by the South African Dental Association. SA Heart, 14(3):170-174, doi:10.24170/14-3-2716
dc.identifier.issn2071-4602 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1996-6741 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.24170/14-3-2716
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/102503
dc.descriptionCITATION: Jankelow, D., et al. 2017. Prevention of infective endocarditis associated with dental interventions : South African Heart association position statement, endorsed by the South African Dental Association. SA Heart, 14(3):170-174, doi:10.24170/14-3-2716.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/SAHJ
dc.description.abstractENGLISH ABSTRACT: Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Prevention is therefore an important clinical entity. The maintenance of optimal oral health is likely to play the most important role in protecting those at risk for IE. Both patients and health care practitioners must be educated in this regard. Guidelines have recommended that antibiotic prophylaxis should be limited to individuals (undergoing certain high-risk dental procedures) with underlying cardiac conditions that are associated with the greatest risk of an adverse outcome from IE. These conditions include prosthetic valves, congenital heart disease and previous IE. In South Africa, and other developing countries, IE is often a disease of young patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and carries a very poor prognosis. In contrast, IE in Europe/North America, where guidelines and indications for antibiotic prophylaxis have been reduced, has a different spectrum of factors. These patients are older with degenerative valve disease. IE may also occur as a result of invasive health care associated procedures or in the setting of prosthetic valves and implantable cardiac devices. Recently published international guidelines cannot be automatically applied to countries where RHD is common and oral hygiene is poor. We therefore recommend that patients with RHD should also receive antibiotic prophylaxis prior to the listed dental procedures. Antibiotic prophylaxis should be prescribed after stressing the role of good oral health and why the approach differs in South Africa. There should be close cooperation between the dental practitioner and clinician as to who should receive prophylaxis and who should not.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/SAHJ/article/view/2716
dc.format.extent5 pagesen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Heart Associationen_ZA
dc.subjectInfective endocarditisen_ZA
dc.subjectMouth -- Care and hygieneen_ZA
dc.subjectRheumatic heart disease in childrenen_ZA
dc.subjectDental prophylaxis -- Antibioticsen_ZA
dc.subjectHeart -- Infectionsen_ZA
dc.titlePrevention of infective endocarditis associated with dental interventions : South African Heart association position statement, endorsed by the South African Dental Associationen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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