The healthy primary school of the future : study protocol of a quasi-experimental study

dc.contributor.authorWilleboordse, M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorJansen, M. W.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Den Heijkan, S. N.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSimons, A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWinkens, B.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDe Groot, R. H. M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBartelink, N.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKremers, S. P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Assema, P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSavelberg, H. H.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDe Neubourg, E.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBorghans, L.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSchils, T.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCoppens, K. M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDietvorst, R.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorTen Hoopen, R.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCoomans, F.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKlosse, S.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorConjaerts, M. H. J.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorOosterhoff, M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorJoore, M. A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, I.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMuris, P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBosma, H.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorToppenberg, H. L.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Schayck, C. P.en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationWilleboordse, M., et al . 2016. The healthy primary school of the future : study protocol of a quasi-experimental study. BMC Public Health, 16:639, doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3301-9
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458 (online)
dc.descriptionCITATION: Willeboordse, M., et al . 2016. The healthy primary school of the future : study protocol of a quasi-experimental study. BMC Public Health, 16:639, doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3301-9.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at
dc.description.abstractBackground: Unhealthy lifestyles in early childhood are a major global health challenge. These lifestyles often persist from generation to generation and contribute to a vicious cycle of health-related and social problems. This design article presents a study evaluating the effects of two novel healthy school interventions. The main outcome measure will be changes in children ’ s body mass index (BMI). In addition, lifestyle behaviours, academic achievement, child well-being, socio-economic differences, and societal costs will be examined. Methods: In close collaboration with various stakeholders, a quasi-experimental study was developed, for which children of four intervention schools ( n = 1200) in the southern part of the Netherlands are compared with children of four control schools ( n = 1200) in the same region. The interventions started in November 2015. In two of the four intervention schools, a whole-school approach named ‘ The Healthy Primary School of the Future ’ ,is implemented with the aim of improving physical activity and dietary behaviour. For this intervention, pupils are offered an extended curriculum, including a healthy lunch, more physical exercises, and social and educational activities, next to the regular school curriculum. In the two other intervention schools, a physical-activity school approach called ‘ The Physical Activity School ’ , is implemented, which is essentially similar to the other intervention, except that no lunch is provided. The interventions proceed during a period of 4 years. Apart from the effectiveness of both interventions, the process, the cost-effectiveness, and the expected legal implications are studied. Data collection is conducted within the school system. The baseline measurements started in September 2015 and yearly follow-up measurements are taking place until 2019. Discussion: A whole-school approach is a new concept in the Netherlands. Due to its innovative, multifaceted nature and sound scientific foundation, these integrated programmes have the potential to form a template for primary schools worldwide. The effects of this approach may extend further than the outcomes associated with well-being and academic achievement, potentially impacting legal and cultural aspects in our society.en_ZA
dc.format.extent13 pagesen_ZA
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_ZA
dc.subjectAcademic achievementen_ZA
dc.subjectObesity in children -- Preventionen_ZA
dc.subjectSchool health servicesen_ZA
dc.titleThe healthy primary school of the future : study protocol of a quasi-experimental studyen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublishers' Version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)