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The occurrence and infectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in inoculated and uninoculated rhizosphere soils of two-year-old commercial grapevines

dc.contributor.authorMeyer, A. H.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBotha, A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorValentine, A. J.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorArcher, E.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLouw, P. J. E.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-26T10:37:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-26T10:37:35Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.citationMeyer, A. H., et al. 2005. The occurrence and infectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in inoculated and uninoculated rhizosphere soils of two-year-old commercial grapevines. South African Journal of Enology & Viticulture, 26(2):90-94, doi:10.21548/26-2-2123en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2224-7904 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0253-939X (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.21548/26-2-2123
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/101603
dc.descriptionCITATION: Meyer, A. H., et al. 2005. The occurrence and infectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in inoculated and uninoculated rhizosphere soils of two-year-old commercial grapevines. South African Journal of Enology & Viticulture, 26(2):90-94, doi:10.21548/26-2-2123.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajeven_ZA
dc.description.abstractArbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal populations present in the rhizosphere of vine roots in the vineyards of a commercial farm in the Stellenbosch Region were investigated using microscopic analyses. AM root colonisation levels of between 70% and 90% were found in both grapevine roots that were previously artificially inoculated with commercial AM inocula, and in uninoculated (control) grapevine roots. The AM fungal isolates in the rhizosphere soil, identified using morphological criteria, belonged to the genera Acaulospora, Gigaspora, Glomus, Sclerocystis and Scutellospora. The majority of species found was not present in the commercial inocula and was either indigenous to the vineyard or originated from the nursery where the vines were obtained. Isolates of Glomus and Acaulospora appeared to be the most abundant. The AM fungal species occurred at a soil phosphorus (P) concentration of up to 80 mg/kg P and a soil pH (KCl) that ranged between 5.63 and 6.10. Total spore counts ranged between 1 000 and 3 779 spores/100 g dry soil. In accordance with literature, lower spore concentrations were recorded for the heavier soil types with no cover crop system, compared with the sandy soil type on which cover crops were sown annually.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev/article/view/2123
dc.format.extent5 pages : illustrationsen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Society for Enology and Viticultureen_ZA
dc.subjectVineyard soils -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.subjectArbuscular mycorrhizal fungien_ZA
dc.subjectMycorhizal status of vineyardsen_ZA
dc.titleThe occurrence and infectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in inoculated and uninoculated rhizosphere soils of two-year-old commercial grapevinesen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderSouth African Society for Enology and Viticultureen_ZA


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