• Vitamin A supplements for reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission 

      Wiysonge, Charles S.; Ndze, Valantine N.; Kongnyuy, Eugene J.; Shey, Muki S. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Strategies to reduce the risk of mother‐to‐child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) include lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV‐positive women, exclusive breastfeeding from birth ...
    • Transcutaneous bilirubinometry versus total serum bilirubin measurement for newborns 

      Okwundu, C. I.; Uthman, O. A.; Suresh, G.; Smith, J.; Wiysonge, C. S.; Bhutani, V. K. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: - To determine the diagnostic accuracy of TcB as: i) a diagnostic test for hyperbilirubinaemia in newborns suspected to ...
    • Quality of abstracts of pilot trials in heart failure : a protocol for a systematic survey 

      Isiguzo, Godsent; Zunza, Moleen; Chirehwa, Maxwell; Mayosi, Bongani M.; Thabane, Lehana (Elsevier, 2017)
      Introduction: Pilot trials are initial small-scale studies done to inform the design of larger trials. Their findings like other studies are usually disseminated as peer-reviewed journal articles. Abstracts are used to ...
    • Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and presepsin for the diagnosis of sepsis in adults and children 

      Onyenekwu, Chinelo P.; Okwundu, Charles I.; Ochodo, Eleanor A. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: The objectives of this review are: - To assess the diagnostic accuracy of PCT, CRP and presepsin for sepsis in adults ...
    • Nutritional status of children on the National School Nutrition Programme in Capricorn District, Limpopo Province, South Africa 

      Malongane, F.; Mbhenyane, X. G. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
      Background. School feeding programmes are intended to alleviate short-term hunger, improve nutrition and cognition of children, andprovide incomes to families.Objectives. To assess the nutritional status of children receiving ...
    • Isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in HIV-infected children 

      Zunza, Moleen; Gray, Diane M.; Young, Taryn; Cotton, Mark; Zar, Heather J. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of illness and death in HIV‐positive children living in areas of high TB prevalence. We know that isoniazid prophylaxis prevents TB in HIV‐negative children following TB ...
    • Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis 

      Wiysonge, Charles S.; Ntsekhe, Mpiko; Thabane, Lehana; Volmink, Jimmy; Majombozi, Dumisani; Gumedze, Freedom; Pandie, Shaheen; Mayosi, Bongani M. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Tuberculous pericarditis – tuberculosis infection of the pericardial membrane (pericardium) covering the heart – is becoming more common. The infection can result in fluid around the heart or fibrosis of the ...
    • Interventions for improving adults’ use of primary oral health care services 

      Harris, Rebecca; Raison, Heather; Christian, Bradley; Bakare, Lawal; Okwundu, Charles I.; Burnside, Girvan (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving adults’ use of primary dental care services in order to improve their ...
    • Interleukin-2 as an adjunct to antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive adults 

      Onwumeh, Jennifer; Okwundu, Charles I.; Kredo, Tamara (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in sub‐Saharan Africa. Although antiretroviral drugs have helped to improve the quality of life and ...
    • Implementation strategies for health systems in low-income countries : an overview of systematic reviews 

      Pantoja, Tomas; Opiyo, Newton; Lewin, Simon; Paulsen, Elizabeth; Ciapponi, Agustin; Wiysonge, Charles S.; Herrera, Cristian A.; Rada, Gabriel; Penaloza, Blanca; Dudley, Lilian; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Marti, Sebastian Garcia; Oxman, Andrew D. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low‐income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, ...
    • Governance arrangements for health systems in low-income countries : an overview of systematic reviews 

      Herrera, Cristian A.; Lewin, Simon; Paulsen, Elizabeth; Ciapponi, Agustin; Opiyo, Newton; Pantoja, Tomas; Rada, Gabriel; Wiysonge, Charles S.; Bastias, Gabriel; Marti, Sebastian Garcia; Okwundu, Charles I.; Penaloza, Blanca; Oxman, Andrew D. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Governance arrangements include changes in rules or processes that determine authority and accountability for health policies, organisations, commercial products and health professionals, as well as the involvement ...
    • Financial arrangements for health systems in low-income countries : an overview of systematic reviews 

      Wiysonge, Charles S.; Paulsen, Elizabeth; Lewin, Simon; Ciapponi, Agustin; Herrera, Cristian A.; Opiyo, Newton; Pantoja, Tomas; Rada, Gabriel; Oxman, Andrew D. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: One target of the Sustainable Development Goals is to achieve "universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health‐care services and access to safe, effective, ...
    • Delivery arrangements for health systems in low-income countries : an overview of systematic reviews 

      Ciapponi, Agustin; Lewin, Simon; Herrera, Cristian A.; Opiyo, Newton; Pantoja, Tomas; Paulsen, Elizabeth; Rada, Gabriel; Wiysonge, Charles S.; Bastias, Gabriel; Dudley, Lilian; Flottorp, Signe; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Marti, Sebastian Garcia; Glenton, Claire; Okwundu, Charles I.; Penaloza, Blanca; Suleman, Fatima; Oxman, Andrew D. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, ...
    • Critical care admission of South African (SA) surgical patients : results of the SA surgical outcomes study 

      Skinner, David Lee; De Vasconcellos, Kim; Wise, Robert; Esterhuizen, Tonya Marianne; Fourie, Cate; Mahomed, Akhter Goolam; Gopalan, P. Dean; Joubert, Ivan; Kluyts, Hyla-Louise; Mathivha, L. Rudo; Mrara, Busisiwe; Pretorius, Jan P.; Richards, Guy; Smith, Ollie; Spruy, Maryke Geertruida Louise; Pearse, Rupert M.; Madiba, Thandinkosi E.; Biccard, Bruce M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
      Background. Appropriate critical care admissions are an important component of surgical care. However, there are few data describing postoperative critical care admission in resource-limited low- and middle-income ...
    • Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children’s dietary intake and physical activity behaviors 

      Morgan, E. H.; Schoonees, A.; Faure, M.; Seguin, R. A. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behavior, ...
    • Beta‐blockers for hypertension 

      Wiysonge, C. S.; Bradley, H. A.; Volmink, J.; Mayosi, B. M.; Opie, L. H. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017)
      Background: Beta-blockers refer to a mixed group of drugs with diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. They have shown longterm beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used ...
    • Barriers and enablers for the development and implementation of allied health clinical practice guidelines in South African primary healthcare settings : a qualitative study 

      Dizon, J. M.; Grimmer, K.; Louw, Q.; Machingaidze, S.; Parker, H.; Pillen, H. (BioMed Central, 2017)
      Background: The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical ...