Browsing by Author "Zhang, Yong"
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- ItemExponential damping : the key to successful containment of COVID-19(Frontiers Media, 2021-01-08) Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Jinmei; Cao, Menglan; Zhang, Yong; Hui, CangDue to its excessive capacity for human-to-human transmission, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has now been declared a global public health emergency. Here we propose a simple model based on exponential infectious growth, but with a time-varying, largely damping, transmission rate. This model provides an excellent fit to the existing data for 46 countries with 10,000+ cases by 16 May 2020, five continents and the entire world. Hence, the model has largely captured the transmission patterns of the COVID-19 outbreak under a variety of intervention and control measures. The damping rate ranged from −0.0228 to 0.1669 d−1 globally (a negative damping rate represents acceleration in spread) and can greatly affect the duration of the outbreak and the eventual number of infections. Our model suggests that it is possible to defeat the COVID-19 pandemic by the end of 2020 through achieving a high damping rate (0.0615 d−1). However, the global damping rate is rather low (0.0504 d−1 before 26 April) and has dropped even further since late April (0.0168 d−1). Easing currently implemented control measures in countries with weak or no damping in transmission could lead to an exponential rebound of COVID-19 spread.
- ItemFusaric acid instigates the invasion of banana by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense TR4(Wiley Online, 2019) Liu, Siwen; Li, Jian; Zhang, Yong; Liu, Na; Viljoen, Altus; Mostert, Diane; Zuo, Cunwu; Hu, Chunhua; Bi, Fangcheng; Gao, Huijun; Sheng, Ou; Deng, Guiming; Yang, Qiaosong; Dong, Tao; Dou, Tongxin; Yi, Ganjun; Ma, Li-Jun; Li, ChunyuFusaric acid (FSA) is a phytotoxin produced by several Fusarium species and has been associated with plant disease development, although its role is still not well understood. Mutation of key genes in the FSA biosynthetic gene (FUB) cluster in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) reduced the FSA production, and resulted in decreased disease symptoms and reduced fungal biomass in the host banana plants. When pretreated with FSA, both banana leaves and pseudostems exhibited increased sensitivity to Foc TR4 invasion. Banana embryogenic cell suspensions (ECSs) treated with FSA exhibited a lower rate of O2 uptake, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, and greater nuclear condensation and cell death. Consistently, transcriptomic analysis of FSA-treated ECSs showed that FSA may induce plant cell death through regulating the expression of genes involved in mitochondrial functions. The results herein demonstrated that the FSA from Foc TR4 functions as a positive virulence factor and acts at the early stage of the disease development before the appearance of the fungal hyphae in the infected tissues.