Browsing by Author "Vergunst, Richard"
Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
Results Per Page
- ItemAccess to health care for persons with disabilities in Madwaleni, Eastern Cape, South Africa(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2016-03) Vergunst, Richard; Swartz, Leslie; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Department of PsychologyENGLISH ABSTRACT : Global research suggests that persons with disabilities face barriers when accessing health care services. Yet, information regarding the nature of these barriers, especially in low-income and middle-income countries is sparse. Rural contexts in these countries may present greater barriers than urban contexts, but little is known about access issues in such contexts. There is a paucity of research in South Africa looking at “triple vulnerability” – poverty, disability and rurality. The current study provides a local case study of these issues with the aim of informing future interventions to improve the lives of persons with disabilities. This study explores the challenges faced by persons with disabilities in day-to-day living and in accessing health care in Madwaleni, a poor rural isiXhosa-speaking community in South Africa. The study includes a quantitative survey with interviews with 773 participants in 527 households. Comparisons between persons with disabilities and persons with no disabilities were explored. Results suggest that persons with disabilities in Madwaleni generally experience more problems in terms of daily living as well as health issues (including access to health care) compared to persons with no disabilities. In terms of access to health care there were primarily three types of barriers – physical barriers, attitudinal barriers and communication barriers – for persons with disabilities in Madwaleni. Persons without disabilities living in households with persons with disabilities did not, however, experience more barriers to health care than did those in households without disabilities. Implications and recommendations for the future are discussed in order to make some concrete and practical solutions in the area of disability in Madwaleni.
- ItemBeyond the checklist : understanding rural health vulnerability in a South African context(Taylor & Francis Open, 2016) Vergunst, Richard; Swartz, Leslie; Mji, Gubela; Kritzinge, Janis; Braathen, Stine HellumBackground: Vulnerability in the past has sometimes been measured and understood in terms of checklists or common understanding. It is argued here that vulnerability is a more complex issue than this. Although checklists of vulnerable groups are important, they do not capture the essence and dynamics of vulnerability. Objective : The case of rural health vulnerability in South Africa is discussed to show that classifying people into vulnerable groups does not portray the complexity and intricacies of what it means to have vulnerability. We also wish to show that there are different kinds of vulnerabilities, and the difference between access vulnerability and illness vulnerability is highlighted. Methods : As part of a larger study, this case study is presented to show how vulnerability in a poor rural community in South Africa has to be understood in a contextual and dynamic manner as opposed to a static manner. Results : Family and social dynamics can influence health. For example, fractured families were seen as a vulnerable issue within the community, while being a person with a disability can lead to isolation and callous attitudes towards them. It is these family and social dynamics that lead proximally to vulnerability to ill health. Conclusions : A contextual approach can assist in giving a more layered understanding of vulnerability than a checklist approach can do. Interventions to change health cannot be addressed simply by medical means. Social conditions need to be changed, and part of changing social conditions is the process of assisting those who are isolated or experience themselves as vulnerable to reconnect with others in the community. Poverty leads to social exclusion; social and family inclusion may be key to well-being.
- ItemExploring the interaction of activity limitations with context, systems, community and personal factors in accessing public health care services : a presentation of South African case studies(AOSIS Publishing, 2017-02) Mji, Gubela; Braathen, Stine H.; Vergunst, Richard; Scheffler, Elsje; Kritzinger, Janis; Mannan, Hasheem; Schneider, Marguerite; Swartz, Leslie; Visagie, SuronaBackground: There are many factors that influence access to public health services, such as the context people live in, the existing health services, and personal, cultural and community factors. People with disabilities (activity limitations), through their experience of health services, may offer a particular understanding of the performance of the health services, thus exposing health system limitations more clearly than perhaps any other health service user. Aim: This article explores how activity limitations interact with factors related to context, systems, community and personal factors in accessing public health care services in South Africa. Setting: We present four case studies of people with disabilities from four low-resource diverse contexts in South Africa (rural, semi-rural, farming community and peri-urban) to highlight challenges of access to health services experienced by people with activity limitations in a variety of contexts. Methods: One case study of a person with disabilities was chosen from each study setting to build evidence using an intensive qualitative case study methodology to elucidate individual and household experiences of challenges experienced by people with activity limitations when attempting to access public health services. In-depth interviews were used to collect data, using an interview guide. The analysis was conducted in the form of a thematic analysis using the interview topics as a starting point. Results: First, these four case studies demonstrate that equitable access to health services for people with activity limitations is influenced by a complex interplay of a variety of factors for a single individual in a particular context. Secondly, that while problems with access to public health services are experienced by everyone, people with activity limitations are affected in particular ways making them particularly vulnerable in using public health services. Conclusion: The revitalisation of primary health care and the introduction of national health insurance by the Health Department of South Africa open a window of opportunity for policy makers and policy implementers to revisit and address the areas of access to public health services for people with activity limitations.
- ItemFrom global-to-local : rural mental health in South Africa(Taylor & Francis Open, 2018) Vergunst, RichardENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this paper, the current situation regarding rural mental health in South Africa is explored. The current status is presented, followed by an attempt to provide approaches and ideas to improve the situation in order to make it more context appropriate and relevant. Issues of staffing, task shifting or sharing, and formal vs informal health care systems are considered and discussed as possible future approaches to improve rural mental health care in South Africa.
- Item"You must carry your wheelchair" : barriers to accessing healthcare in a South African rural area(Co-Action Publishing, 2015-10-01) Vergunst, Richard; Swartz, Leslie; Mji, Gubela; MacLachlan, Malcolm; Mannan, HasheemBackground: There is international evidence that people with disabilities face barriers when accessing primary healthcare services and that there is inadequate information about effective interventions that work to improve the lives of people with disabilities, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. Poor rural residents generally experience barriers to accessing primary healthcare, and these problems are further exacerbated for people with disabilities. Objective: In this study, we explore the challenges faced by people with disabilities in accessing healthcare in Madwaleni, a poor rural Xhosa community in South Africa. Design: Purposive sampling was done with 26 participants, using semi-structured interviews and content analysis to identify major themes. Results: This study showed a number of barriers to healthcare for people with disabilities. These included practical barriers, including geographical and staffing issues, and attitudinal barriers. Conclusions: It is suggested that although there are practical barriers that need to be addressed, attitudinal barriers could potentially be addressed more easily and cost effectively