Browsing by Author "Van Tonder, Ruan"
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- ItemAn improved message-passing scheme for approximate inference using cluster graphs(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2022-04) Van Tonder, Ruan; Van Daalen, Corne E.; Du Preez, Johan; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Engineering. Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This thesis presents a novel message-passing scheme for probabilistic inference using general cluster graphs. By relaxing the running intersection property as a constraint on the structure of cluster graphs, it is possible to create a message-passing scheme that generally produces better approximations than that of standard message passing. With this method, which will be referred to as conditional message passing, cluster graphs can be created that produce approximations similar to those produced by the region graph method. This includes the cluster variation method, which is known to produce better approximate marginal distributions than standard message passing on cluster graphs. An algorithm will be presented that allows for automatically constructing cluster graphs and performing conditional message passing for inference. Conditional message passing is compared to standard message passing (cluster graphs) as well as the parent-to-child method (region graphs) by measuring the Kullback-Leibler divergence between the approximate marginal distributions produced by these methods and the true marginal distributions. The methods are tested on a wide variety of joint distributions including the Ising model, which is notoriously difficult for message-passing algorithms to solve. Conditional message passing produced approxi mate marginals distributions which where closer to the true marginal distributions for 78.75% and 99% of discrete and continuous tests performed respectively. The tests also show that conditional message passing produces approximations on par with parent-to-child message passing while having an execution time that is up to 4 times faster. The improvement in execution time is due to the messages used in conditional message passing, specifically the messages based on the belief update variant, being less computationally expensive to compute. Conditional message passing is derived from the point of view of loop-correction while the region graph method is derived from maximizing an approximate energy functional. Therefore, conditional message passing provides a new interpretation for the cluster variation method as one of loop-correction that opens the door for future investigation into general loop-correction algorithms for cluster graphs.