Browsing by Author "Stecher, Nicole Elizabeth"
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- ItemExperiences of women in transition to survivorship following mastectomy in the Cape Metropole(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2016-03) Stecher, Nicole Elizabeth; Cohen, Mary A.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dept. of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences. Nursing.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common female malignancies worldwide and the cause of cancer death among women in developed and economically developing countries. The researcher, a professional nurse practicing in the operating theatre assisting with high volumes of breast surgery, identified a need to explore the needs of women following mastectomy as they transition into survivorship, in order to understand the challenges patients face after surgery. Methods: A qualitative design with a descriptive phenomenological approach was applied, underpinned by Husserl’ post-positive philosophy to elicit the participant’s needs following mastectomy. Seven women who had undergone mastectomy for breast cancer and who resided in the Cape Metropole were selected by means of snowball sampling to participate in individual interviews. Consent to conduct the study was obtained from the Health Research Ethical Committee at Stellenbosch University and informed consent was obtained from the participants before each interview. Interviews took place at a location of the participant’s choice, were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and verified. The interviews were analysed thematically and the themes that emerged were emotional distress and individual coping mechanisms, concern for children and family, impact of changes to appearance and preferred support needs. Results: Findings show that support requirements are based on the individual’s psychological, physical and social needs. A need for breast cancer education and information in the individual’s mother tongue was expressed. It is suggested that women diagnosed with breast cancer should be educated along with their families in order to enhance the transition into survivorship.