Browsing by Author "Serem, J. C."
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- ItemThe impact of boiling and in vitro human digestion of Solanum nigrum complex (Black nightshade) on phenolic compounds bioactivity and bioaccessibility(Elsevier, 2020-09) Moyo, S. M.; Serem, J. C.; Bester, M. J.; Mavumengwana, V.; Kayitesi, E.Solanum nigrum complex (Black nightshade) is a wild leafy vegetable with phenolic antioxidant compounds related to the reduction of oxidative stress. Changes in phenolics and bioactivity due to cooking and gastrointestinal digestion of black nightshade were compared to spinach. Predominant compounds of black nightshade were myricetin, quercetin-3-O-robinoside, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid, and rutin, which were improved after boiling but reduced after in vitro digestion. Phenolics were reduced after digestion of black nightshade and spinach; however, bioactivity was still retained, especially in preventing oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells. Hence, indicating their potential to reduce oxidative stress related diseases of the digestive tract.