Browsing by Author "Reuter, A."
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- ItemClinical perspectives on treatment of rifampicin-resistant/multidrug-resistant TB(International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2020-11) Cox, V.; McKenna, L.; Acquah, R.; Reuter, A.; Wasserman, S.; Vambe, D.; Ustero, P.; Udwadia, Z.; Trivino-Duran, L.; Tommasi, M.; Skrahina, A.; Seddon, J. A.; Rodolfo, R.; Rich, M.; Padanilam, X.; Oyewusi, L.; Ohler, L.; Lungu, P.; Loveday, M.; Khan, U.; Khan, P.; Hughes, J.; Hewison, C.; Guglielmetti, L.; Furin, J.Rapid diagnostics, newer drugs, repurposed medications, and shorter regimens have radically altered the landscape for treating rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). There are multiple ongoing clinical trials aiming to build a robust evidence base to guide RR/MDR-TB treatment, and both observational studies and programmatic data have contributed to advancing the treatment field. In December 2019, the WHO issued their second ‘Rapid Communication´ related to RR-TB management. This reiterated their prior recommendation that a majority of people with RR/MDR-TB receive all-oral treatment regimens, and now allow for specific shorter duration regimens to be used programmatically as well. Many TB programs need clinical advice as they seek to roll out such regimens in their specific setting. In this Perspective, we highlight our early experiences and lessons learned from working with National TB Programs, adult and pediatric clinicians and civil society, in optimizing treatment of RR/MDR-TB, using shorter, highly-effective, oral regimens for the majority of people with RR/MDR-TB.
- ItemImplementing novel regimens for drug-resistant TB in South Africa : what can the world learn?(International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2020-10) Ndjeka, N.; Hughes, J.; Reuter, A.; Conradie, F.; Enwerem, M.; Ferreira, H.; Ismail, N.; Kock, Y.; Master, I.; Meintjes, G.; Padanilam, X.; Romero, R.; Schaaf, H. S.; te Riele, J.; Maartens, G.Worldwide uptake of new drugs in the treatment of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) has been extremely low. In June 2018, ahead of the release of the updated WHO guidelines for the management of RR-TB, South Africa announced that bedaquiline (BDQ) would be provided to virtually all RR-TB patients on shorter or longer regimens. South Africa has been the global leader in accessing BDQ for patients with RR-TB, who now represent 60% of the global BDQ cohort. The use of BDQ within a shorter modified regimen has generated the programmatic data underpinning the most recent change in WHO guidelines endorsing a shorter, injectable-free regimen. Progressive policies on access to new drugs have resulted in improved favourable outcomes and a reduction in mortality among RR-TB patients in South Africa. This supported global policy change. The strategies underpinning these bold actions include close collaboration between the South African National TB Programme and partners, introduction of new TB diagnostic tools in closely monitored conditions and the use of locally generated programmatic evidence to inform country policy changes. In this paper, we summarise a decade´s work that led to the bold decision to use a modified, short, injectable-free regimen with BDQ and linezolid under carefully monitored programmatic conditions.