Browsing by Author "Prins, Nico"
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- ItemA comparative analysis of growth traits in Triploid and Diploid Genotypes of the South African abalone, Haliotis midae(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2011-12) Prins, Nico; Brink, Danie; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of AgriSciences. Dept. of Genetics.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Abalone production is the largest financial contributor to aquaculture in South Africa and practically all of the abalone produced is exported to Asia. This means that the product must be globally competitive and many technologies have been applied to this cause. One that specifically shows great promise for bivalve mollusc production is triploidy; more precisely, sterility due to the induction of aneuploidy. Under normal maturation, energy is diverted from somatic growth through sexual maturation, therefore inhibiting or retarding gametogenesis through a process such as aneuploidy is expected to increase growth and decrease the time to marketing. Two studies preceding this one investigated the induction of triploidy through hydrostatic shock (De Beer, 2004) and the comparative growth rate of triploid genotypes from 8 to 24 months, prior to the onset of sexual maturation (Schoonbee, 2008). During this comparative growth stage, no convincing statistical evidence of faster growth or of seasonal environmental effects could be obtained. It was recommended that growth between triploid and diploid variants be compared during the age period when sexual maturity becomes a factor to determine whether triploidy in Haliotis midae is a useful biotechnological tool to improve biological productivity and global competiveness of the abalone industry. The growth measured as shell length and wet weight in the period from 29 to 62 months showed a statistically significant difference in mean weight and mean length with diploids showing a superior growth rate compared to their triploid siblings. This difference of 1.99 mm and 5.13 g was however not perceived as being commercially significant. Important production parameters including canning yield percentage and gonadosomatic index were also measured during this trial. For both these parameters, the triploid genotype showed statistically and commercially significant improvement of 10.68% increased canning yield and 28.42% reduction in gonadosomatic index when compared to their diploid counterparts. Triploid abalone was found to be not completely sterile; gametes and even mature gonads were observed in some instances. Even though complete sterility was not achieved there appeared to be a retarded gonadosomatic development in triploid variants. The delay in sexual maturation, together with the improvement in canning yield, may justify triploidy’s commercial application, despite its reduced growth rate.