Browsing by Author "Petrone, Linda"
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- ItemComplement component C1q as serum biomarker to detect active tuberculosis(Frontiers Media, 2018) Lubbers, Rosalie; Sutherland, Jayne S.; Goletti, Delia; De Paus, Roelof A.; Van Moorsel, Coline H. M.; Veltkamp, Marcel; Vestjens, Stefan M. T.; Bos, Willem J. W.; Petrone, Linda; Del Nonno, Franca; Bajema, Ingeborg M.; Dijkman, Karin; Verreck, Frank A. W.; Walzl, Gerhard; Gelderman, Kyra A.; Groeneveld, Geert H.; Geluk, Annemieke; Ottenhoff, Tom H. M.; Joosten, Simone A.; Trouw, Leendert A.Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major threat to global health. Currently, diagnosis of active TB is hampered by the lack of specific biomarkers that discriminate active TB disease from other (lung) diseases or latent TB infection (LTBI). Integrated human gene expression results have shown that genes encoding complement components, in particular different C1q chains, were expressed at higher levels in active TB compared to LTBI. Methods: C1q protein levels were determined using ELISA in sera from patients, from geographically distinct populations, with active TB, LTBI as well as disease controls. Results: Serum levels of C1q were increased in active TB compared to LTBI in four independent cohorts with an AUC of 0.77 [0.70; 0.83]. After 6 months of TB treatment, levels of C1q were similar to those of endemic controls, indicating an association with disease rather than individual genetic predisposition. Importantly, C1q levels in sera of TB patients were significantly higher as compared to patients with sarcoidosis or pneumonia, clinically important differential diagnoses. Moreover, exposure to other mycobacteria, such as Mycobacterium leprae (leprosy patients) or BCG (vaccinees) did not result in elevated levels of serum C1q. In agreement with the human data, in non-human primates challenged with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, increased serum C1q levels were detected in animals that developed progressive disease, not in those that controlled the infection. Conclusions: In summary, C1q levels are elevated in patients with active TB compared to LTBI in four independent cohorts. Furthermore, C1q levels from patients with TB were also elevated compared to patients with sarcoidosis, leprosy and pneumonia. Additionally, also in NHP we observed increased C1q levels in animals with active progressive TB, both in serum and in broncho-alveolar lavage. Therefore, we propose that the addition of C1q to current biomarker panels may provide added value in the diagnosis of active TB.
- ItemExpression and production of the SERPING1-encoded endogenous complement regulator C1-inhibitor in multiple cohorts of tuberculosis patients(Elsevier, 2020-03-13) Lubbers, Rosalie; Sutherland, Jayne S.; Goletti, Delia; De Paus, Roelof A.; Dijkstra, Douwe J.; Van Moorsel, Coline H. M.; Veltkamp, Marcel; Vestjens, Stefan M. T.; Bos, Willem J. W.; Petrone, Linda; Malherbe, Stephanus T.; Walzl, Gerhard; Gelderman, Kyra A.; Groeneveld, Geert H.; Geluk, Annemieke; Ottenhoff, Tom H. M.; Joosten, Simone A.; Trouw, Leendert A.Background To facilitate better discrimination between patients with active tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI), whole blood transcriptomic studies have been performed to identify novel candidate host biomarkers. SERPING1, which encodes C1-inhibitor (C1-INH), the natural inhibitor of the C1-complex has emerged as candidate biomarker. Here we collated and analysed SERPING1 expression data and subsequently determined C1-INH protein levels in four cohorts of patients with TB. Methods SERPING1 expression data were extracted from online deposited datasets. C1-INH protein levels were determined by ELISA in sera from individuals with active TB, LTBI as well as other disease controls in geographically diverse cohorts. Findings SERPING1 expression was increased in patients with active TB compared to healthy controls (8/11 cohorts), LTBI (13/14 cohorts) and patients with other (non-TB) lung-diseases (7/7 cohorts). Serum levels of C1-INH were significantly increased in The Gambia and Italy in patients with active TB relative to the endemic controls but not in South Africa or Korea. In the largest cohort (n = 50), with samples collected longitudinally, normalization of C1-INH levels following successful TB treatment was observed. This cohort, also showed the most abundant increase in C1-INH, and a positive correlation between C1q and C1-INH levels. Combined presence of increased levels of both C1q and C1-INH had high specificity for active TB (96 %) but only very modest sensitivity 38 % compared to the endemic controls. Interpretation SERPING1 transcript expression is increased in TB patients, while serum protein levels of C1-INH were increased in half of the cohorts analysed.