Browsing by Author "Marais, Christo"
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- ItemAn economic evaluation of invasive alien plant control programmes in the mountain catchment areas of the Western Cape Province, South Africa(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1998) Marais, Christo; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of . Dept. of .
- ItemChallenges in invasive alien plant control in South Africa(Academy of Science of South Africa, 2012) Van Wilgen, Brian W.; Cowling, Richard M.; Marais, Christo; Esler, Karen J.; McConnachie, Matthew; Sharp, DebbieWorking for Water owes much to the community of fynbos ecologists who were instrumental in putting forward an argument to government for its initiation in 1996.2 The 33rd Annual Fynbos Forum (attended by over 250 delegates at Cape St. Francis on 17–19 July 2012) included a plenary workshop on the effectiveness of Working for Water, and discussions on ways for the scientific community to assist in the identification and implementation of improvements. This brief report outlines the issues discussed, including the problems faced by Working for Water, and possible ways for the scientific community to assist in addressing them.
- ItemPrescribing innovation within a large-scale restoration programme in degraded subtropical thicket in South Africa(MDPI, 2015) Mills, Anthony J.; Van der Vyver, Marius; Gordon, Iain J.; Patwardhan, Anand; Marais, Christo; Blignaut, James; Sigwela, Ayanda; Kgope, BarneyCommonly cited requirements for bridging the “science‑practice divide” between practitioners and scientists include: political support, communication and experimentation. The Subtropical Thicket Restoration Programme was established in 2004 to catalyse investment in large-scale restoration of degraded subtropical thicket in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Political support has been strong, with the South African government investing more than US$8 million into the programme. Communication occurred regularly among a wide range of stakeholders, and a restoration experiment—comprising 12 treatments and ~300 plots—was established over an area of ~75,000 km2. Despite this support, communication and experimentation, many pitfalls were encountered. For example, one restoration protocol became entrenched in the programme’s public as well as private sector operations without continual scrutiny of its efficacy. This was largely because results from the large-scale restoration experiment only emerged a decade after its conceptualization. As the programme enters its second decade there is recognition that a full range of “intelligent tinkering”—from small, rapid experiments to large, long-term experiments—needs to be planned and prescribed. The new working hypothesis is that prescribed innovation will reduce costs of restoration, increase survivorship of plants, increase income streams from restored landscapes, and promote new financing mechanisms for restoration.
- ItemUnlocking and securing ecological infrastructure investments : the needs and willingness to invest and institutional support mechanisms used(Academy of Science of South Africa, 2021-09-29) Mbopha, Malukhanye S.; Marais, Christo; Kleynhans, Theo E.; Esler, Karen J.Ecological infrastructure (EI) is a natural and near-natural functioning ecosystem that delivers a range of essential services to humankind. Examples include mountain catchments, wetlands, coastal dunes, and riparian corridors. In a world where EI is underinvested, rapid degradation and threats such as unsustainable veld-fire regimes, droughts, climate change, and invasive alien plants persist in dominating the ecological landscape. In South Africa, there are government programmes that encourage the restoration, rehabilitation and protection of EI. However, inadequate funding allocations constrain scalingup and thus necessitate the unlocking of public and private sector investments to augment resources for ecosystem-based management interventions. A systematic literature review was conducted at a global scale to (1) understand the drivers behind EI investments, (2) understand the willingness and desire of private landowners and land users to participate and contribute to EI investments and (3) identify institutional support mechanisms used to encourage investments. Results suggest that the need to invest is driven by growing degradation of EI and the urgency to meet environmental sustainability goals. The willingness to invest is stimulated by the use of economic-based policies and compensatory mechanisms. Public–private partnerships, public policy, and market-based conservation instruments are institutional arrangements executed to protect EI. These include processes and systems used by the institutions to legislate and manage interventions towards fulfilling the conservation objective. Our review contributes to the EI investment research agenda by recommending coordinated efforts to encourage EI investment from both public and private partners. These measures will help to secure financial resources and mobilise investments beyond monetary terms by coordinating planning and developing capacity and reform policies.