Browsing by Author "Lombard, Debbie"
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Results Per Page
- ItemFactors influencing the development of early- or late-onset Parkinson's disease in a cohort of South African patients(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2012-10-01) Van der Merwe, Celia; Haylett, William; Harvey, Justin; Lombard, Debbie; Bardien, Soraya; Carr, JonathanBackground. Neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) contribute significantly to global disease burden. PD can be categorised into early-onset PD (EOPD) with an age at onset (AAO) of ≤50 years and late-onset PD (LOPD) with an AAO of 50 years. Aims. To identify factors influencing EOPD and LOPD development in a group of patients in South Africa (SA). Methods. A total of 397 unrelated PD patients were recruited from the Movement Disorders Clinic at Tygerberg Hospital and via the Parkinson’s Association of SA. Patient demographic and environmental data were recorded and associations with PD onset (EOPD v. LOPD) were analysed with a Pearson’s Chi-squared test. The English- and Afrikaans-speaking (Afrikaner) white patients were analysed separately. Results. Logistic regression analysis showed that ethnicity (p<0.001) and family history (p=0.004) were independently associated with AAO of PD. Average AAO was younger in black, coloured and Afrikaner patients than English-speaking white patients. A positive family history of PD, seen in 31.1% of LOPD patients, was associated with a younger AAO in the study population. Conclusions. These associations may be attributed to specific genetic and/or environmental risk factors that increase PD susceptibility and influence the clinical course of the disorder. More studies on PD in the unique SA populations are required to provide novel insights into mechanisms underlying this debilitating condition.
- ItemIdentification of a common founder couple for 40 South African Afrikaner families with Parkinson’s disease(Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2014-06) Geldenhuys, Gerhard; Glanzmann, Brigitte; Lombard, Debbie; Boolay, Sihaam; Carr, Jonathan; Bardien, SorayaBackground. Afrikaners are a unique ethnic group in South Africa (SA) with well-documented ancestral records spanning a period of over 350 years. They are mainly descended from Dutch, German and French settlers to SA in the 17th and 18th centuries. Today several disorders in this population occur at relatively high frequencies as a result of founder effects. Objective. To determine whether a founder effect for Parkinson’s disease (PD) is present in the Afrikaner population. Methods. Study participants were recruited from the Movement Disorders Clinic at Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, SA, and from support groups of the Parkinson’s Association of South Africa. Standard methods for genealogical research in SA on hereditary diseases were used including interviews and searches in sources such as state archives, the Huguenot Museum in Franschhoek, marriage and baptismal records, and tombstone inscriptions. Results. For 40 of the PD families, there was only a single most recent ancestral couple common to all of the families. On average there are between three and four ancestral lines to the founder couple per proband (range 1 -14). Conclusion. If genetic studies confirm the presence of a founder effect for PD in Afrikaners, this would imply that there is a large number of individuals from this ethnic group who may potentially be at risk of developing this debilitating condition. This study illustrates and reinforces the concept that genealogical analysis is a powerful tool for identification of founder effects for various disorders in the Afrikaner population.