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### Browsing by Author "Li, Z. P."

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- ItemNuclear quantum shape-phase transitions in odd-mass systems(American Physical Society, 2018) Quan, S.; Li, Z. P.; Vretenar, D.; Meng, Jie
Show more Microscopic signatures of nuclear ground-state shape-phase transitions in odd-mass Eu isotopes are explored starting from excitation spectra and collective wave functions obtained by diagonalization of a core-quasiparticle coupling Hamiltonian based on energy density functionals. As functions of the physical control parameter—the number of nucleons—theoretical low-energy spectra, two-neutron separation energies, charge isotope shifts, spectroscopic quadrupole moments, and E2 reduced transition matrix elements accurately reproduce available data and exhibit more-pronounced discontinuities at neutron number N=90 compared with the adjacent even-even Sm and Gd isotopes. The enhancement of the first-order quantum phase transition in odd-mass systems can be attributed to a shape polarization effect of the unpaired proton which, at the critical neutron number, starts predominantly coupling to Gd core nuclei that are characterized by larger quadrupole deformation and weaker proton pairing correlations compared with the corresponding Sm isotopes.Show more - Itemβ and γ bands in N = 88 , 90, and 92 isotones investigated with a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian based on covariant density functional theory : vibrations, shape coexistence, and superdeformation(American Physical Society, 2019-06-05) Majola, S. N. T.; Shi, Z.; Song, B. Y.; Li, Z. P.; Zhang, S. Q.; Bark, R. A.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Aschman, D. G.; Bvumbi, S. P.; Bucher, T. D.; Cullen, D. M.; Dinoko, T. S.; Easton, J. E.; Erasmus, N.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hartley, D. J.; Hirvonen, J.; Korichi, A.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P.; Jongile, S.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kheswa, B. V.; Khumalo, N. A.; Lawrie, E. A.; Lawrie, J. J.; Lindsay, R.; Madiba, T. E.; Makhathini, L.; Maliage, S. M.; Maqabuka, B.; Malatji, K. L.; Masiteng, P. L.; Mashita, P. I.; Mdletshe, L.; Minkova, A.; Msebi, L.; Mullins, S. M.; Ndayishimye, J.; Negi, D.; Netshiya, A.; Newman, R.; Ntshangase, S. S.; Ntshodu, R.; Msebi, L.; Mullins, S. M.; Ndayishimye, J.; Negi, D.; Netshiya, A.; Newman, R.; Ntshangase, S. S.; Ntshodu, R.; Nyako, B. M.; Papka, P.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Riedinger, L. L.; Riley, M. A.; Roux, D. G.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Saren, J. J.; Scholey, C.; Shirinda, O.; Sithole, M. A.; Sorri, J.; Stankiewicz, M.; Stolze, S.; Timar, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Vymers, P. A.; Wiedeking, M.; Zimba, G. L.
Show more A comprehensive systematic study is made for the collective β and γ bands in even-even isotopes with neutron numbers N = 88 to 92 and proton numbers Z = 62 (Sm) to 70 (Yb). Data, including excitation energies, B(E0) and B(E2) values, and branching ratios from previously published experiments are collated with new data presented for the first time in this study. The experimental data are compared to calculations using a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian (5DCH) based on the covariant density functional theory (CDFT). A realistic potential in the quadrupole shape parameters V (β,γ ) is determined from potential energy surfaces (PES) calculated using the CDFT. The parameters of the 5DCH are fixed and contained within the CDFT. Overall, a satisfactory agreement is found between the data and the calculations. In line with the energy staggering S(I) of the levels in the 2γ + bands, the potential energy surfaces of the CDFT calculations indicate γ -soft shapes in the N = 88 nuclides, which become γ rigid for N = 90 and N = 92. The nature of the 02 + bands changes with atomic number. In the isotopes of Sm to Dy, they can be understood as β vibrations, but in the Er and Yb isotopes the 02 + bands have wave functions with large components in a triaxial superdeformed minimum. In the vicinity of 152Sm, the present calculations predict a soft potential in the β direction but do not find two coexisting minima. This is reminiscent of 152Sm exhibiting an X(5) behavior. The model also predicts that the 03 + bands are of two-phonon nature, having an energy twice that of the 02 + band. This is in contradiction with the data and implies that other excitation modes must be invoked to explain their origin.Show more