Browsing by Author "Kateregga, Michael"
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- ItemPerturbation methods in derivatives pricing under stochastic volatility(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2012-12) Kateregga, Michael; Ghomrasni, Raouf; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Science. Dept. of Mathematical Sciences.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This work employs perturbation techniques to price and hedge financial derivatives in a stochastic volatility framework. Fouque et al.  model volatility as a function of two processes operating on different time-scales. One process is responsible for the fast-fluctuating feature of volatility and corresponds to the slow time-scale and the second is for slowfluctuations or fast time-scale. The former is an Ergodic Markov process and the latter is a strong solution to a Lipschitz stochastic differential equation. This work mainly involves modelling, analysis and estimation techniques, exploiting the concept of mean reversion of volatility. The approach used is robust in the sense that it does not assume a specific volatility model. Using singular and regular perturbation techniques on the resulting PDE a first-order price correction to Black-Scholes option pricing model is derived. Vital groupings of market parameters are identified and their estimation from market data is extremely efficient and stable. The implied volatility is expressed as a linear (affine) function of log-moneyness-tomaturity ratio, and can be easily calibrated by estimating the grouped market parameters from the observed implied volatility surface. Importantly, the same grouped parameters can be used to price other complex derivatives beyond the European and American options, which include Barrier, Asian, Basket and Forward options. However, this semi-analytic perturbative approach is effective for longer maturities and unstable when pricing is done close to maturity. As a result a more accurate technique, the decomposition pricing approach that gives explicit analytic first- and second-order pricing and implied volatility formulae is discussed as one of the current alternatives. Here, the method is only employed for European options but an extension to other options could be an idea for further research. The only requirements for this method are integrability and regularity of the stochastic volatility process. Corrections to  remarkable work are discussed here.