Browsing by Author "Huntley, Brian J."
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- ItemGood news from the South : biodiversity mainstreaming – A paradigm shift in conservation?(Academy of Science of South Africa, 2014) Huntley, Brian J.‘Bad governance stifles everything’ said ecologist Richard Cowling, a pioneer in promoting mainstreaming approaches to conserving biodiversity. Cowling was addressing an international workshop convened in Cape Town in October 2013 to review progress in the impressive body of 327 projects in 135 countries supported since the late 1990s by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).1 With over USD1.6 billion invested by the GEF, and USD5.6 billion in co-financing by partners, the mainstreaming agenda is one of the largest biodiversity initiatives on record. A whopping 48% of these funds went to the 10 countries that hold most of the world’s biodiversity treasure troves – Brazil, India, China, Mexico, South Africa, Colombia, Russian Federation, Indonesia, Vietnam and Argentina. The obvious reciprocal to bad governance – good governance – certainly holds true, and is demonstrated by the success of mainstreaming projects in post-apartheid South Africa and in that icon of democratic good governance, Costa Rica.2,3 These two countries lead the world in innovative approaches to biodiversity conservation, most especially in moving from the traditional ‘protected areas’ model to an integrated landscape paradigm. The emerging trends and the challenges to the successful implementation of mainstreaming are considered here.
- ItemMainstreaming biodiversity : conservation for the twenty-first century(Frontiers Media, 2015-12-08) Redford, Kent H.; Huntley, Brian J.; Roe, Dilys; Hammond, Tom; Zimsky, Mark; Lovejoy, Thomas E.; Da Fonseca, Gustavo A. B.; Rodriguez, Carlos M.; Cowling, Richard M.Insufficient focused attention has been paid by the conservation community to conservation of biodiversity outside of protected areas. Biodiversity mainstreaming addresses this gap in global conservation practice by “embedding biodiversity considerations into policies, strategies and practices of key public and private actors that impact or rely on biodiversity, so that it is conserved, and sustainably used, both locally and globally” (Huntley and Redford, 2014). Biodiversity mainstreaming is designed to change those policies and practices that influence land uses outside of protected areas as well as to change economic and development decision-making by demonstrating the importance of conserving biodiversity for achieving development outcomes. The practice of mainstreaming is tied to implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and is practiced with billions of dollars of investment by development agencies, national government agencies, and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and its implementing organizations as well as other donors. It is essential for the long-term survival of biodiversity inside and outside protected areas. However, it is virtually unheard of in the main conservation science field. This must change so as to bring careful documentation, analysis, monitoring, publishing, and improvement of practices—all things that conservation science should provide as partners to practitioners of biodiversity mainstreaming. The situation is ripe for informed coordination and consolidation and creation of a science-driven field of biodiversity mainstreaming.