Browsing by Author "De Maria, Beatrice"
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- ItemLow-Pass filtering approach via empirical mode decomposition improves short-scale entropy-based complexity estimation of QT interval variability in long QT syndrome type 1 patients(MDPI, 2014-09-05) Bari, Vlasta; Marchi, Andrea; De Maria, Beatrice; Girardengo, Giulia; George, Alfred L.; Brink, Paul A.; Cerutti, Sergio; Crotti, Lia; Schwartz, Peter J.; Porta, AlbertoEntropy-based complexity of cardiovascular variability at short time scales is largely dependent on the noise and/or action of neural circuits operating at high frequencies. This study proposes a technique for canceling fast variations from cardiovascular variability, thus limiting the effect of these overwhelming influences on entropy-based complexity. The low-pass filtering approach is based on the computation of the fastest intrinsic mode function via empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and its subtraction from the original variability. Sample entropy was exploited to estimate complexity. The procedure was applied to heart period (HP) and QT (interval from Q-wave onset to T-wave end) variability derived from 24-hour Holter recordings in 14 non-mutation carriers (NMCs) and 34 mutation carriers (MCs) subdivided into 11 asymptomatic MCs (AMCs) and 23 symptomatic MCs (SMCs). All individuals belonged to the same family developing long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) via KCNQ1-A341V mutation. We found that complexity indexes computed over EMD-filtered QT variability differentiated AMCs from NMCs and detected the effect of beta-blocker therapy, while complexity indexes calculated over EMD-filtered HP variability separated AMCs from SMCs. The EMD-based filtering method enhanced features of the cardiovascular control that otherwise would have remained hidden by the dominant presence of noise and/or fast physiological variations, thus improving classification in LQT1.
- ItemA refined multiscale self-entropy approach for the assessment of cardiac control complexity : application to long QT syndrome type 1 patients(MDPI, 2015-11-13) Bari, Vlasta; Girardengo, Giulia; Marchi, Andrea; De Maria, Beatrice; Brink, Paul A.; Crotti, Lia; Schwartz, Peter J.; Porta, AlbertoENGLISH ABSTRACT: The study proposes the contemporaneous assessment of conditional entropy (CE) and self-entropy (sE), being the two terms of the Shannon entropy (ShE) decomposition, as a function of the time scale via refined multiscale CE (RMSCE) and sE (RMSsE) with the aim at gaining insight into cardiac control in long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) patients featuring the KCNQ1-A341V mutation. CE was estimated via the corrected CE (CCE) and sE as the difference between the ShE and CCE. RMSCE and RMSsE were computed over the beat-to-beat series of heart period (HP) and QT interval derived from 24-hour Holter electrocardiographic recordings during daytime (DAY) and nighttime (NIGHT). LQT1 patients were subdivided into asymptomatic and symptomatic mutation carriers (AMCs and SMCs) according to the severity of symptoms and contrasted with non-mutation carriers (NMCs). We found that RMSCE and RMSsE carry non-redundant information, separate experimental conditions (i.e., DAY and NIGHT) within a given group and distinguish groups (i.e., NMC, AMC and SMC) assigned the experimental condition. Findings stress the importance of the joint evaluation of RMSCE and RMSsE over HP and QT variabilities to typify the state of the autonomic function and contribute to clarify differences between AMCs and SMCs.