Browsing by Author "Antones-Dlamini, Rachel Tengetile"
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- ItemThe societal voice in Swazi children's oral poetry(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2017-12) Antones-Dlamini, Rachel Tengetile; Kondowe, Zandile; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of African languages.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Swazi children’s oral poetry consists of lullabies, rhymes, games and chants, which are recited by young children at home or in school. Lullabies are sung by mothers and baby minders for the purpose of pacifying babies, yet rhymes, games and chants are recited by the children themselves when they play. All these songs consist of the beautiful and rich language of poetry as well as the non-verbal elements of oral poetry which makes the genre distinct. However, most children in Swaziland have ceased to recite their rhymes when they play. This is because of the changing times as our society is becoming modern. Lullabies have also lost their value as it is rare to witness a mother or baby sitter singing to a crying baby. Since this genre is becoming less popular and very little research has been done on it, the study sought to collect and document the performances of some of the forgotten songs (traditional) as well as the fresh ones (modern) for future generations, so as to interpret their verbal and non verbal content. The observation method of data collection was used through requested performances from schools in which such poems were still performed. Thereafter, the structure of the poems, which constitutes the prosodic elements, was analyzed. Since the non-verbal elements of oral poetry form an integral part of this genre, these aspects were discussed: the societal values and norms, beliefs, attitudes, perceptions. In the analyses of the poems it was obvious that indeed society, through the voices of the personas and the depiction of certain characters and their actions, praises good deeds, ridicules and condemns certain acts which are unacceptable according to the standards society has put in place to maintain order. The diction acts as vehicle through which the messages and the different subject matters are communicated, whether in an emotional, calm, playful, or satiric manner. The formal structures of the poems also beautify them physically and contribute to the flow of ideas, so are the non-verbal elements such as gestures and body movements which are revealed through performance. Therefore the study recommends that more research be done on this genre to discover and document more of the songs, especially the long forgotten ones, for the future generations. Analyses of the songs could be geared on any direction to discover the rich diction and messages loaded in them.