Browsing Masters Degrees (Sociology and Social Anthropology) by browse.metadata.advisor "Dubbeld, Bernard"
Now showing 1 - 12 of 12
Results Per Page
- ItemBlack in white: The private and public lives of black alums in Cape Town private schools(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2022-12) Mujulizi, Mukisa; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This thesis explores the private and public lives of Black alums in Cape Town private schools. The thesis is interested in understanding whether elite schools are truly becoming more inclusive in 21ˢᵗ century South Africa, or if their attempt to reproduce elite status has meant the transmission of “Whiteness” and the alienation of Black students. I begin by exploring the history of education in South Africa and how elite schooling is rooted to this history in such a way that affects 21ˢᵗ century Black students who attend these schools. I show how Whiteness emerges in this history of elite schooling, and continues to be experienced in contemporary post-apartheid South Africa, even if its meaning may not be fixed or constant. Whiteness takes the form it does because private schools, like the ones explored in this thesis, seek to emulate elite schools that are tied to the British colony. In this pursuit of an ’eliteness’ a set of tones and codes emerge that schools nurture in their students, one that may produce alienation for Black students inside and outside of this space. I therefore look at the ways in which Black students have existed in these spaces that can often be quite hostile to their existence. I further theorise the class experience of students at these schools and try to establish how race and class might intersect at elite schools. I further show that queer students also face similar rigid structures within these schools that force them to interrogate their identities in such a way that cisgendered, heterosexual students do not. This thesis relied on a qualitative method of analysis, drawing on 10 interviews with Black alums of two private schools. I supplemented these data with some of my own experiences of one of the two private schools. This allowed me to recognise the relations and intersections between race, class, gender, and sexuality in these spaces which became the basis for my chapters.
- ItemDie Son Sien Alles : The Constitution of Community in a Post-Apartheid Tabloid(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2018-12) Harmse, Kristen; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study considers a Cape Town based tabloid, Die Son, and how it has become a platform on which a particular community negotiates its boundaries and constitutes itself as shared identity. By approaching the tabloid as facilitating an identification with a larger collective in moral, political and legal terms, I show that the tabloid helps to enable the imagining of this working class, coloured community. Unlike in Anderson’s case (1983), the tabloid works here against the nation as abstract form, with its promises of inclusion for all. Instead, it relies upon a process of negation, producing boundaries around the community it purports to represent. Such boundaries, I propose, are established by figures out of place, through which the tabloid produces limits of the community, not only displaying but also channeling public antagonism. I register these figure types – the abject criminal, the wolf in blue, the African foreign national – through different kinds of affective speech: disgust, fear, and hatred. By considering how affect gives form to particular group expressions, I understand Die Son and its readership as an intimate counterpublic that demands that people guard themselves against the presence of forces that threaten to undo community boundaries, thereby constituting belonging negatively. I further consider how the tabloid produces an image of itself as a counterparent, a figure which coincides with a development of attachment and identification. However, to fully exclude these figures out of place proves impossible and undoes the promise of Die Son that it will see everything [Son Sien Alles]. These figures continue to haunt the community, circulating in the tabloid and ensuring that, ironically, this intimate counterpublic persists as a promise of a secure community beyond the nation.
- ItemHow social media democratized beauty : South African influencers experiences of the transformation of cosmetics and work in the beauty industry(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2020-03) Roux, Jacquilene; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology & Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Over the last decade the beauty industry has undergone a ‘digital makeover’. Not only have companies selling beauty products adopted a digital language, but the way in which beauty products are being produced and consumed has also been transformed due to this mediatization. Additionally, social media platforms allow beauty related information such as how to use products and which products to purchase; as well as images of beauty to circulate more rapidly and more widely. Thus, this digital transformation has democratized beauty by way of making more information about cosmetics available to more consumers and by allowing them to actively take part in the conceptualisation of beauty through user-generated platforms. This has also created the opportunity for passionate individuals to navigate this overload of information on behalf of consumers as well as mediate the conversation between those selling and those purchasing beauty products, namely beauty influencers. Globalized interactive communication networks allow beauty influencers from around the world to establish careers around this activity and in South Africa’s beauty industry, dominated by global mega-brands, local beauty influencers have become a valuable tool for them to reach local consumers. South Africa’s beauty influencer market has been a space for many entrepreneurs to take control over their careers although they face many obstacles, both local and global. While social media enables connectivity with a global audience, the beauty industry in South Africa operates at a local level and therefore restricts local beauty influencers’ opportunities to go ‘viral’. This thesis investigates this digital transformation of the beauty industry as well as its limitations from the perspective of South Africa by interviewing different role players in the local beauty industry about their experiences and interpretation of this transformation and by conducting a virtual ethnography of media images in which beauty is performed.
- ItemMoral order as necessity and as impossibility : common sense, race and the difficulty of change among four 'poor white' families in Newcastle(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2011-03) Peens, Michelle; Dubbeld, Bernard; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The thesis examines the lives of four families in Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal and what the situation in which these families find themselves tells us about race, poverty and social change in contemporary South Africa by using ethnographic participant observation techniques. Central to the thesis is a concern with contradiction expressed in the entanglement of these four families with a particular moral order. This moral order is the basis of continued material survival, but at the same time, it is not adequate to transform conditions of poverty nor to change feelings of entitlement, making it impossible for these families to imagine their condition as shared with other races. The problem appears to be just about individuals not thinking correctly about their position and about them not seeing how many South Africans are struggling to survive and therefore share similar difficulties. The thesis shows that the difficulties experienced have rather more to do with changing the families' common sense notions. Their common sense is grounded in material realities, in realties of institutions that provide for them but also dictate a particular way of seeing the world, a moral order. Common sense is embedded in the material practices of people, in how they inhabit space and make place for themselves, in how they interact with family, in how they work with the institutions that are the very condition of their survival, and in how they come to understand and judge the past. At the moments when the limits of the moral order become clear, it is then not the moral order that comes into question but rather it is reasserted through explanations based on particular structural changes as contingencies that reinforce the moral order rather than challenge it. It is at these moments that people reassert race since their common sense explanations seem limited.
- ItemA new laager for a “new” South Africa : Afrikaans film and the imagined boundaries of Afrikanerdom(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2016-12) Steyn, Adriaan Stefanus; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Afrikaans film industry came into existence in 1916, with the commercial release of De Voortrekkers (Shaw), and, after 1948, flourished under the guardianship of the National Party. South Africa’s democratic transition, however, seemed to announce the death of the Afrikaans film. In 1998, the industry entered a nine-year slump during which not a single Afrikaans film was released on the commercial circuit. Yet, in 2007, the industry was revived and has been expanding rapidly ever since. This study is an attempt to explain the Afrikaans film industry’s recent success and also to consider some of its consequences. To do this, I situate the Afrikaans film industry within a larger – and equally flourishing – Afrikaans culture industry. I argue that the Afrikaans language’s uncoupling from the state has shifted the preservation and promotion of the language into market-driven domains. I show that Afrikaans-language media and cultural commodities – like film – are mostly tailored to and consumed by white Afrikaans-speakers. And I ask: if a “distinct” Afrikaner identity was first forged within the cultural sphere, through cultural rituals and through the consumption of Afrikaans media forms, what kind of subjectivities are, in the present moment, being produced by the Afrikaans culture industry? Specifically, I consider the ways in which the Afrikaans culture industry is reifying social life, how it is reaffirming the imagined boundaries of Afrikanerdom, and how, through the consumption of its products, Afrikaners can imagine – or re-imagine – themselves as members of the same collectivity or laager.
- Item"Not even your own teachers are spared" - an oral history of teaching on the Cape Flats in the 1980s(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2023-12) Johnson, Damian; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: During the Apartheid era, education for African, Coloured and Indian students was poorly resourced, and consequently placed a massive burden on teachers. As Wieder (2002: p. 198) demonstrates, teachers in Black schools were often forced to mediate between oppressive state policies and the protection of young students. For some teachers, teaching was not only about presenting a standardised curriculum but also being involved in a pedagogy that fostered an understanding of South African politics and society that contested the version presented by the Education Departments of the Apartheid Government. As teachers became more radical, Kihn (2002: p. 325) suggests that the concept of the “professional” teacher saw a significant shift from the late 1970s, following the resurgence of anti-Apartheid political organisations in the country, abandoning previous notions of the neutral and apolitical professional towards a more critical, politically engaged educator who firmly rejected Apartheid ideology – together with the growth of popular resistance to the Apartheid system in general. In this study, my interest is in tracing what became of a generation of politicised teachers in the Western Cape and using their life histories as a means of approaching the experience of the transition to democracy. This research focuses on men who were teachers during this period and examines their adaptation to the role of educator in the same community in which they were raised. The study focuses particularly on teachers who taught on the Cape Flats, in those areas constructed by the Apartheid state as urban peripheries to restrict Black movement and access to the city centre. The study highlights how these men remember their past teaching, how they envisaged the future at that time, and the disjuncture they feel between their lives – more than 20 years into democracy – and the futures they once imagined. In this way, this research has sought to not only recount what happened in the past, but also present a method of observing the transition from Apartheid and the experience of democracy, of capturing both the hopes from that time that were achieved and those that have been unfulfilled.
- ItemParty politics: An exploration of Cape Town queer nightlife and what it reveals about the politics of space and identification in post-apartheid South Africa(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2022-12) Meyer, Simonn; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This thesis aims to examine the way in which space and identity are related and co-constructed, by utilizing Queer Nightlife as a lens through which spatiality and identity operate in post-apartheid South Africa. By exploring space and identity through the lens of Queer Nightlife spaces, this study also subsequently captured the utility and limitations of the Queer political project. This study focuses on Queer Nightlife spaces in Cape Town, and more specifically in Cape Town’s ‘Gay Village’, De Waterkant. Methodologically, this study made use of qualitative interviews with queer-identifying individuals between the ages of 18 to 40, along with critical ethnography that was centered on fieldwork expeditions to two Queer Nightlife spaces. Critical discourse analysis and Butler’s Theory of performativity were used to analyze findings and to investigate how queer performativity operates within the Queer Nightlife space. The argument this thesis makes, is that Queer, which is a radical and transformative politic, has shifted towards queer identity politics within the neoliberal, capitalist setting of Cape Town. The findings of this thesis illustrates that the utility and praxis of Queer Theory and Queer Politics is undermined when Queer is presented as a stable, universal identity. This thesis argues that Queer Nightlife spaces in Cape Town illustrate how this shift towards queer identity politics operates and highlights how the stable identity that is performed and celebrated in these spaces takes on a raced, gendered, and classed form that is centered on consumption and desire. This study is therefore a critical reflection on the operation of Queer politics in post-apartheid South Africa.
- ItemPolitical fashioning : aesthetics, art and activism in South Africa 2013-2018(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2020-03) Bolton, Kylie Monique; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology & Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The thesis offers a reading of four contemporary South African artists as forms of intervention in society. I consider aesthetic practices that include the mediums of sculpture, film and performance art not as a student of the fine arts, but rather as a particular kind of social analysis and mode of political practice, situated specifically two decades into democracy in the country. By using art that I found from the beginning of 2013 to 2018 in museums and galleries in Cape Town, at the Cape Town National Arts Festival and at the Design Indaba Conference, I show how the aesthetic appearance of an artwork affords its readers a cognitive experience that evokes past struggles, contemporary experiences and repressed memories that have been silenced in the narration of South Africa’s history. Further, I argue that by providing a prism from which to evaluate the South African transition, art provides a different representation to the dominant social sciences, which I read alongside my rendering of the artworks. By engaging with various readings of the art and with the sartorial as a form of political rhetoric, following Walter Benjamin, I argue that the aesthetic experience of an artwork can teach us something new about our world which can jolt the public out of moral complacency and political acceptance. In addition, I show how the rapid circulation of images in the digital age has given student protestors and art activists the critical potential to mobilize in the public sphere, to claim and to rewrite history, aligning aesthetics with politics in a progressive way. Through juxtaposing art and social science literature I draw attention to artists as political actors and their aesthetic practice as a form of cultural labour that heralds an opposing, “negative” relationship to structures of power and domination. I finally, consider how the production of South African history results in the absence and silencing of various narratives that these artists illuminate by creating a critical space wherein to juxtapose past remnants with our present fears.
- ItemProducing post-apartheid space : an ethnography of race, place and subjectivity in Stellenbosch, South Africa(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2015-04) Yang, YoungJun; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Since the end of Apartheid, many scholars of South Africa celebrated democratisation and offered optimism for the end of racial segregation. Racial segregation, however, still exists in South Africa and in Stellenbosch each residential place is divided along skin colour lines. Such a pattern is far from the position of optimism and seems to suggest that race continues to manifest itself materially through space in Post-Apartheid South Africa, even if such segregation is not imposed by Apartheid laws. This thesis describes how different individuals, especially foreigners, enter historically designated racial areas - ‘African’, ‘Coloured’, ‘White’ – and are ‘interpellated’ into particular racial categories. It aims to grasp the process of abstraction at work when the attempt is made to construct foreigners in these racial categories, and how these individuals come to perceive South Africa. The study suggests that at the points in which the interpellation of race fails are precisely the moments in which we see the possibility for the formation of a truly post-Apartheid Subjectivity. The thesis is cognisant of the particularity of place: focusing on Stellenbosch in the Western Cape necessarily involves engaging specificities of the historical construction of race that mark place in the present, especially in this province. Whilst the discovery of gold in the former Transvaal drove the exploitation of African mine workers and was important in the formation of race there, in the Western Cape the importance economically of the slave and later free labour of Coloured farm workers is important in grasping racial formations in Stellenbosch. At the same time, however, I present the case of an unemployed South African women who is unable to live in any areas previously designated by race, and through her tale, suggest that relationships between race and labour might be being undone, even as this undoing is fraught and not producing subjects who can feel comfortable in democracy.
- ItemRastafari bushdoctors and the challenges of transforming nature conservation in the Boland area(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2012-03) Olivier, Lennox Edward; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social AnthropologyENGLISH ABSTRACT: In 2007 the National People and Parks Programme was rolled out as a platform for co-management between successful land claimants, indigenous natural resource user groups and conservation authorities. It aimed to promote social ‘transformation’ in conservation management by responding to the needs of all South Africans. This thesis engages with the efforts made by CapeNature Conservation Board and RasTafari bushdoctors in the Boland area to resolve a conflict around the illegal harvesting of indigenous medicinal flora from protected areas. An investigation into the discursive and material practices of the RasTafari bushdoctors reveal what they present as a substantially different way of being-with-nature in comparison to the historically produced dominant conception of nature. This difference cannot be understood outside the complex relations from which they emerge and allows a better understanding of the social condition for the possibility of Bossiedokters’ voices to be heard today. This thesis culminates with a critical analysis of recent dialogues between Bossiedokters and CapeNature around co-management platforms. These I argue reveal that the inequalities voiced by the healers are once again silenced by government practices ostensibly designed to uplift them. Conceptualising this conflict through the lens of ‘environmentality’ suggests its usefulness as well as its limitations in grasping contemporary South African dilemmas about transformation of nature. While RasTafari bushdoctors want to reclaim their social authority, the question remains how and whether they will be able to transform conservation practice before conservation practice transforms them.
- ItemValuing precarious commodities : an ethnography of trade in three charity shops in the Cape Metropolitan area(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2014-04) Watt, Kathryn Grace; Dubbeld, Bernard; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In this study I investigate how the value of factory manufactured second-hand objects is determined within three charity shops in the Cape Metropolitan area. I argue that the value of the second-hand object sold in the charity shop cannot be determined solely from the quantifiable abstract labour of its 'initial production', or the perceived depreciation thereof. Nor can it be ascribed to the meanings produced in exchange. Instead I propose the histories of use and biographies of the objects in conjunction with the expectations of charity that emerge within the charity shop render them 'precarious commodities'. The value of the precarious charity shop commodity is informed by the socio-spatial conditions inside and outside the charity shops that, I suggest, propagate racial nostalgias from which notions of 'expensive respectability' and the middle class emerge as valuing. Within these conditions the charity shop acts as a point of production, in which staff labour to reconstitute value and transform donated objects into resalable commodities. These labours include the purging, sorting and distribution of objects in the 'back-space' of each shop and the commodity aesthetics of the 'front-spaces'. This labour is not limited to sellers; buyers also negotiate the dynamics of value within the 'front-space' of the charity shop, drawing upon similar notions of racialized respectability as they seek out 'quality' shopping experiences and engage in 'treasure hunting' and 'aspirational shopping'.
- ItemVooruitsigte, ervarings en probleme met opleiding onder werkers in die Oos Vrystaat : ‘n studie oor opleiding in die VKB(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2010-03) De Villiers, Anell; Dubbeld, Bernard; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology.ENGLISH SUMMARY: This study focuses on the shortage of labour in the rural areas of the Free State and, in direct contrast to the high unemployment figures and great demand for jobs. The upskilling of unskilled labour is one of South Africa’s biggest social problems. It is becoming ever more pressing given the increasing demand for skilled labour to adapt to technological advancement and the new information era. The South African government has created various initiatives and policies to accommodate and provide previously disadvantaged groups with opportunities for training and better life prospects. Viewing South Africa’s rural areas from a historical perspective may result in scepticism about the success of these training initiatives and question the commitment of private business towards these policies. Policies and regulations increasingly place greater administrative pressure on workplaces, which could lead to the expectation that training in companies would merely be regarded as an extra burden. The VKB, a local agricultural co-operative in the Free State, challenges this assumption. This study investigates the experiences and expectations of employees to determine the impact of training on individuals. Interviews with employees and management in the company show that training plays a crucial role in producing solidarity in a stable workplace environment. For both groups, government-proposed education and training are regarded as very important in their own lives and for the future development of South Africa.