Browsing Department of Applied Mathematics by browse.metadata.advisor "Goosen, Neill"
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- ItemModelling the dispersion and deposition of solid wastes from fish farming with a continuum approach(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2022-04) Fourie, Samantha-Kerry; Goosen, Neill; Diedericks, Gerhardus Petrus Jacobus; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Science. Dept. of Mathematical Sciences (Applied Mathematics)ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The sustainability of the environment in coastal ecosystems is of great concern due to aquaculture. There are many unknowns and constraints in the predictive modelling of fish farm waste due to the limitations of obtaining information in the farming area. By understanding the gaps in the information, the necessary research projects can be established, therefore improving the predictive modelling. This project presents an academic case for Delft3D-FLOW to predict the dispersion and deposition of organic mariculture waste using a continuum approach. The continuum approach allows us to model the waste interaction with the seabed as a cohesive sediment, which can be done using Delft3D-FLOW. More information is needed on how the wastes interact with the seabed as it has been observed that the erosion and deposition of the waste is sensitive to the cohesive properties. Delft3D-FLOW was used for the simulation as it includes modules of multi-dimensional hydrodynamic flows and transport phenomena, including the transport of cohesive and non-cohesive sediments. The simulation represents a growth cycle of six months for Atlantic salmon within a simple rectangular grid, using the background currents of a fjord in the Faroe Islands. A six month simulation period was chosen due to time constraints, allowing for a feasible simulation time and time to conduct a sensitivity analysis on the interaction of the waste with the seabed. The growth data of the simulation period was gathered from existing data in order to determine the amount of feed used, therefore representing the growth cycle of the Atlantic salmon. Using the feed cycle and information from literature, the corresponding waste output of the farm was calculated. Observing the output from the simulations, the waste has been completely dispersed from the grid at the end of the cycle, indication a highly dispersive site. These results correlates with the high currents that were calculated within the fjord. Further, an investigation was conducted into the critical deposition and erosion stresses in order to observe the affect the stresses have on the resultant deposition and dispersion of the waste at the seabed. The results of the sensitivity analysis of the shear stresses result in validation that low critical shear stresses were chosen