Browsing Department of Physics by browse.metadata.advisor "Arendse, G. J."
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- ItemCross sections and analysing power energy-sharing distributions of valence (p,2p)-knockout from 208Pb with a projectile of 200MeV(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2000-12) Bezuidenhout, Jacques; Cowley, A. A.; Arendse, G. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Science. Dept. of Physics.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to study the 208Pb(p,2p)207Tl quasi-free knockout process. The experimental data were measured at the National Accelerator Centre using incident polarised protons of 200 MeV. The two scattered particles, from the knockout reaction, were detected in coincidence and their energies were determined using a magnetic spectrometer and a solid state detector telescope. Cross section and analysing power energy distributions were extracted from the experimental measurements and these were compared with theoretical values for the Distorted Wave Impulse Approximation. The theoretical cross-section calculations predict the experimental cross-section distribution well for all combinations of distorting potentials and bound states that were investigated, both with regard to shape, as well as absolute magnitude. However the theoretical analysing power distributions did not agree with the experimental quantities. Therefore it is not clear whether the analysing power is a useful tool to extract information on the specifics of the quasi-free reaction mechanism. The spectroscopic factors were found to be consistent with the results obtained in previous studies, thereby inspiring confidence that the problem with the analysing power distribution is not ascribable to a possible deficiency in the experimental techniques exploited in this work.
- ItemDiagnostics in VUV laser spectroscopy(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2005-03) Huang, Ping; Von Bergmann, H. M.; Arendse, G. J.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Science. Dept. of Physics.A tunable vacuum ultra-violet (VUV) laser source was recently developed for VUV spectroscopy using state selective excitation and total fluorescence detection. The VUV laser source makes use of a four-wave mixing process to provide tunable VUV radiation for the electronic excitation of the molecules. The theory of four-wave mixing, with the emphasis on parameters that are important for our experimental setup to generate efficient tunable VUV radiation is discussed. The experimental setup, and in particular the metal vapor heat-pipe, which provides Mg vapor as the nonlinear medium, is described. New diagnostic equipment described in this work was added to the experimental setup. This equipment was characterized and utilized together with the existing setup. The additional diagnostic equipment introduced enabled us to measure the tunable VUV output of the source (using a VUV monochromator), making it possible to significantly improve the efficiency of the existing tunable VUV laser source.
- ItemGeneration and detection of ultrashort pulses(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2009-03) Nwosu, Victoria Onyeka; Rohwer, Erich G.; Schwoerer, H.; Arendse, G. J.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Science. Dept. of Physics.The exciting field of ultrashort laser optics has experienced tremendous growth since it's inception. One of it's branches that has been of continuous interest is the characterization of ultrashort laser pulses ...