Indices of paraoxonase and oxidative status do not enhance the prediction of subclinical cardiovascular disease in mixed-ancestry South Africans

Macharia, M. ; Kengne, A. P. ; Blackhurst, D. M. ; Erasmus, R. T. ; Hoffmann, M. ; Matsha, T. E. (2014-03-27)

Please cite as follows: Macharia, M. et al. 2014. Indices of paraoxonase and oxidative status do not enhance the prediction of subclinical cardiovascular disease in mixed-ancestry South Africans. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2014:1-10 (Article ID 135650), doi:10.1155/2014/135650.

The original publication is available at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl

Article

We evaluated the association of indices of paraoxonase (PON1) and oxidative status with subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) in mixed-ancestry South Africans. Participantswere 491 adults (126 men)whowere stratified by diabetes status and bodymass index (BMI). Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) was used as a measure of subclinical CVD. Indices of PON1 and oxidative status were determined by measuring levels and activities (paraoxonase and arylesterase) of PON1, antioxidant activity (ferric reducing antioxidant power and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity), and lipid peroxidation markers (malondialdehyde and oxidized LDL). Diabetic subjects (28.9%) displayed a significant decrease in PON1 status and antioxidant activity as well as increase in oxidized LDL and malondialdehyde. A similar profile was apparent across increasing BMI categories. CIMT was higher in diabetic than nondiabetic subjects (P < 0.0001) but showed no variation across BMI categories. Overall, CIMT correlated negatively with indices of antioxidant activity and positivelywithmeasures of lipid oxidation. Sex, age, BMI, and diabetes altogether explained 29.2% of CIMT,with no further improvement fromadding PON1 and/or antioxidant status indices.Though indices of PON1 and oxidative status correlate with CIMT, their measurements may not be useful for identifying subjects at high CVD risk in this population.

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