Biomass production, yield and quality response of spring wheat to soil tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertilisation in the Swartland wheat producing area of South Africa

SUNScholar Research Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Agenbag, G. A.
dc.contributor.author Maali, Safiah Hasan
dc.contributor.other University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Agrisciences. Dept. of Agronomy. en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-24T06:16:16Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-24T06:16:16Z
dc.date.issued 2003-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/949
dc.description Thesis (PhD(Agric) (Agronomy))--University of Stellenbosch, 2003. en_ZA
dc.description 108 leaves printed on single pages, preliminary pages i-vi and numbered pages 1-1 to 1-5 to 9-1 to 9-3. Includes bibliography, list of abbreviations and 22 figures in color. Digitized at 300 dpi grayscale and 300 dpi 24-bit Color to pdf format (OCR), using an HP Scanjet 8250 Scanner.
dc.description.abstract ENGLISH ABSTRACT: A long term experiment was conducted at the Langgewens Experimental Farm, near Malmesbury in the Western Cape province of the Republic of South Africa. The effect of soil tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertiliser rates on mineral-N levels in the soil, nitrogen levels in plants, wheat growth and yield components, grain yield as well as quality parameters of spring wheat were determined. Although the tillage treatments tested were initiated in 1976, present crop rotations and nitrogen application rates were only applied since 1990. Most of the data that are discussed however was recorded during the 1997 to 2001 period. The trial was designed as a randomised complete block with a split-plot arrangement and four replicates. Main plots were tillage methods namely conventional tillage (CT), tine tillage (TT), minimum tillage (MT) and no tillage (NT). Crop rotations used were continuous wheat (WW) and wheatl lupin/wheat/canola (WLWC). Both soil and crop data were recorded. The results of this study showed the differences in total mineral-N content of the soil. N-contents of wheat, wheat growth and yield components as well as wheat quality parameters were found between tillage treatments, crop rotations used as well as N- fertiliser rates applied. Response however, varied largely between years due to annual variation in especially total precipitation and distribution of rainfall. The inclusion of a legume crop (lupin) and canola in the rotation with wheat was found to have only a small effect probably due to the fact that lupins were grown once in a four year cycle only. Application of different nitrogen rates did increase the mineral-N in the soil, but the effect did not last very long in most years due to either N-leaching or plant uptake. To ensure sufficient mineral-N levels, late application of N-fertiliser will therefore be needed. Minimum tillage or reduced tillage performs better than conventional tillage in low rainfall years. In general these tillage systems should be combined with crop rotation to ensure that yields are comparable to that obtained with conventional tillage. en
dc.description.abstract AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die ontwikkeling, graanopbrengs en bakkwaliteit van koring (Tritium aestivum L.) in reaksie teenoor gewasratasie, metode van grondbewerking en N-bemestingspeil is in 'n lang tennyn sllldie op Langgewens Proefplaas, naby Malmesbury in die Weskaap provinsie van die Republiek van Suid-Afrika, bepaal. Hoewel die verskillende grand bewcrkingsmetodes sedert 1976, en gewasrotasies en slikstofpeile sedert 1990 toegepas is, is daar in hierdie studie gekonsentreer op data wal gcdurcnde die periode 1997-2001 ingesamel is. Die eksperiment is as 'n randomiseerde blok ontwerp met vier bewerkingsmetodes nl. konvcnsionele bewerking (CT), tand bewerking (TT). minimum bewerking (MT) en geen bewerking (NT), twee gewasratasies nl. monokuhuur koring (WW) en koring/lupienelkoringiCanola (WLWC) en drie N-peie (60 kg N ha- ', 100 kg N ha- 1 , 140 kg N ha- I uitgevoer. Aile stikstof is in die vorm van kalksteen-ammoniumnitraat toegedien. Die reaksie van beide grondfaktore soos die minerale N inhoud en gewaskomponente 5005 biomassa produksie, opbrengs en kwaliteit teenoor bogenoemde faktore het '0 goeie korrelasie getoon met die heersende klimaatstoestande. Lae reenval jare (gebiede) sal volgens hierdie stlldie die grootste voordeel verkry met minder intensiewe grand bewerkingstelsels. terwyl 'n frekwensie van meer as een peulgewas per siklus van 4 jaar nodig sal wees om grondvrllgbaarhcidsvlakke betekenisvol te verhoog. Stelsels van rninder intensiewe grondbewerking is ook tot 'n grater mate deur gewaswisseling bevoordeel as konvensionele melOdes van grondbewerking. Hocwel minerale-N vlakke in grond deur verskillende N-peile be'lnvloed is, was die efTektiwiteit van toedienings laag en het verdeelde tocdienings groat voordele ingehou. af
dc.format.extent 1 v. (various foliations) : ill.
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch en_ZA
dc.subject Theses -- Agronomy en_ZA
dc.subject Dissertations -- Agronomy en
dc.subject.lcsh Wheat -- Quality -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Wheat -- Yields -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Energy crops -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Tillage -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Crop rotation -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Crops and nitrogen
dc.subject.lcsh Nitrogen fertilizers -- South Africa
dc.title Biomass production, yield and quality response of spring wheat to soil tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertilisation in the Swartland wheat producing area of South Africa en
dc.type Thesis en_ZA
dc.rights.holder University of Stellenbosch en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record